Questões frequentes

Conversão de formatos de ebooks

Quais os formatos de conversão o calibre de suportar para/de?

calibre suporta a conversão de vários formatos de entrada para vários formatos de saída. Consegue converter todoo os formatos de entrada da seguinta lista, para todo formato de saída.




PRC is a generic format, calibre supports PRC files with TextRead and MOBIBook headers. PDB is also a generic format. calibre supports eReader, Plucker (input only), PML and zTxt PDB files. DJVU support is only for converting DJVU files that contain embedded text. These are typically generated by OCR software. MOBI books can be of two types Mobi6 and KF8. calibre fully supports both. MOBI files often have .azw or .azw3 file extensions. DOCX files from Microsoft Word 2007 and newer are supported.

Quais são os melhores formatos fonte para conversão?

Em ordem decrescente de preferência: LIT, MOBI, AZW, EPUB, AZW3, FB2, FBZ, DOCX, HTML, PRC, ODT, RTF, PDB, TXT, PDF

Converti um ficheiro PDF mas o resultado tem vários problemas?

PDF é um formato terrível de onde se converter. Para uma lista dos vários problemas que encontrará ao converter um PDF, veja: Converter documentos de PDF.

Como converto meu arquivo que contém caracteres que não são da língua inglesa, ou que contém aspas inteligentes?

Existem dois aspetos neste problema:
  1. Knowing the encoding of the source file: calibre tries to guess what character encoding your source files use, but often, this is impossible, so you need to tell it what encoding to use. This can be done in the GUI via the Input character encoding field in the Look & feel → Text section of the conversion dialog. The command-line tools have an ebook-convert-txt-input --input-encoding option.

  2. When adding HTML files to calibre, you may need to tell calibre what encoding the files are in. To do this go to Preferences → Advanced → Plugins → File type and customize the HTML to ZIP plugin, telling it what encoding your HTML files are in. Now when you add HTML files to calibre they will be correctly processed. HTML files from different sources often have different encodings, so you may have to change this setting repeatedly. A common encoding for many files from the web is cp1252 and I would suggest you try that first. Note that when converting HTML files, leave the input encoding setting mentioned above blank. This is because the HTML to ZIP plugin automatically converts the HTML files to a standard encoding (UTF-8).

Qual é o problema com o Índice em arquivos MOBI?

The first thing to realize is that most e-books have two tables of contents. One is the traditional Table of Contents, like the ToC you find in paper books. This Table of Contents is part of the main document flow and can be styled however you like. This ToC is called the content ToC.

Then there is the metadata ToC. A metadata ToC is a ToC that is not part of the book text and is typically accessed by some special button on a reader. For example, in the calibre E-book viewer, you use the Show Table of Contents button to see this ToC. This ToC cannot be styled by the book creator. How it is represented is up to the viewer program.

In the MOBI format, the situation is a little confused. This is because the MOBI format, alone amongst mainstream e-book formats, does not have decent support for a metadata ToC. A MOBI book simulates the presence of a metadata ToC by putting an extra content ToC at the end of the book. When you click Go to Table of Contents on your Kindle, it is to this extra content ToC that the Kindle takes you.

Now it might well seem to you that the MOBI book has two identical ToCs. Remember that one is semantically a content ToC and the other is a metadata ToC, even though both might have exactly the same entries and look the same. One can be accessed directly from the Kindle’s menus, the other cannot.

When converting to MOBI, calibre detects the metadata ToC in the input document and generates an end-of-file ToC in the output MOBI file. You can turn this off by an option in the MOBI Output settings. You can also tell calibre whether to put it at the start or the end of the book via an option in the MOBI Output settings. Remember this ToC is semantically a metadata ToC, in any format other than MOBI it cannot not be part of the text. The fact that it is part of the text in MOBI is an accident caused by the limitations of MOBI. If you want a ToC at a particular location in your document text, create one by hand. So we strongly recommend that you leave the default as it is, i.e. with the metadata ToC at the end of the book. Also note that if you disable the generation of the end-of-file ToC the resulting MOBI file may not function correctly on a Kindle, since the Kindle’s use the metadata ToC for many things, including the Page Flip feature.

If you have a hand edited ToC in the input document, you can use the ToC detection options in calibre to automatically generate the metadata ToC from it. See the conversion section of the User Manual for more details on how to use these options.

Finally, I encourage you to ditch the content ToC and only have a metadata ToC in your e-books. Metadata ToCs will give the people reading your e-books a much superior navigation experience (except on the Kindle, where they are essentially the same as a content ToC).


The newer AZW3 format has proper support for a metadata ToC. However, the Kindle firmware tends to malfunction if you disable the generation of the end-of-file inline ToC. So it is recommended that you leave the generated ToC alone. If you create an AZW3 file with a metadata ToC and no end-of-file generated ToC, some features on the Kindle will not work, such as the Page Flip feature.

Como converto uma coleção de arquivos HTML em uma ordem específica?

In order to convert a collection of HTML files in a specific order, you have to create a table of contents file. That is, another HTML file that contains links to all the other files in the desired order. Such a file looks like:

     <h1>Table of Contents</h1>
     <p style="text-indent:0pt">
        <a href="file1.html">First File</a><br/>
        <a href="file2.html">Second File</a><br/>

Então, basta adicionar este arquivo HTML à GUI e usar o botão Convert para criar seu e-book. É possível utilizar a opção na seção Índice de Conteúdo na caixa de diálogo de conversão para controlar como o Índice é gerado.


By default, when adding HTML files, calibre follows links in the files in depth first order. This means that if file A.html links to B.html and C.html and D.html, but B.html also links to D.html, then the files will be in the order A.html, B.html, D.html, C.html. If instead you want the order to be A.html, B.html, C.html, D.html then you must tell calibre to add your files in breadth first order. Do this by going to Preferences → Advanced → Plugins → File type and customizing the HTML to ZIP plugin.

O EPUB que criei com o Calibre não é válido?

calibre does not guarantee that an EPUB produced by it is valid. The only guarantee it makes is that if you feed it valid XHTML 1.1 + CSS 2.1 it will output a valid EPUB. calibre tries hard to ensure that EPUBs it produces actually work as intended on a wide variety of devices, a goal that is incompatible with producing valid EPUBs, and one that is far more important to the vast majority of its users. If you need a tool that always produces valid EPUBs, calibre is not for you. This means, that if you want to send a calibre produced EPUB to an online store that uses an EPUB validity checker, you have to make sure that the EPUB is valid yourself, calibre will not do it for you – in other words you must feed calibre valid XHTML + CSS as the input documents.

Como faço para usar alguns dos recursos avançados das ferramentas de conversão?

You can get help on any individual feature of the converters by mousing over it in the GUI or running ebook-convert dummy.html .epub -h at a terminal. A good place to start is to look at the following demo file that demonstrates some of the advanced features

Integração de dispositivos

Que dispositivos é que o Calibre suporta?

calibre can directly connect to all the major (and most of the minor) e-book reading devices, smartphones, tablets, etc. In addition, using the Connect to folder function you can use it with any e-book reader that exports itself as a USB disk. Finally, you can connect wirelessly to any device that has a web browser using the calibre Content server.

Como posso ajudar para que meu dispositivo seja suportado pelo calibre?

If your device appears as a USB disk to the operating system, adding support for it to calibre is very easy. We just need some information from you:

  • Lista completa de formatos de ebook suportados pelo seu dispositivo.

  • Is there a special folder on the device in which all e-book files should be placed? Also does the device detect files placed in sub-folders?

  • We also need information about your device that calibre will collect automatically. First, if your device supports SD cards, insert them. Then connect your device to the computer. In calibre go to Preferences → Miscellaneous and click the «Debug device detection» button. This will create some debug output. Copy it to a file and repeat the process, this time with your device disconnected from your computer.

  • Send both the above outputs to us with the other information and we will write a device driver for your device.

Once you send us the output for a particular operating system, support for the device in that operating system will appear in the next release of calibre. To send us the output, open a bug report and attach the output to it. See how to report bugs.

O meu dispositivo não está a ser detetado pelo Calibre?

Siga estes passos para encontrar o problema:

  • Make sure that you are connecting only a single device to your computer at a time. Do not have another calibre supported device like an iPhone/iPad etc. at the same time.

  • If you are connecting an Apple iDevice (iPad, iPod Touch, iPhone), Apple no longer allows third party software to connect to their devices using a USB cable. Instead use a wireless connection, via the calibre Content server.

  • If you are connecting a Kindle Fire or other Android device, read the note under Usar um cabo USB.

  • On macOS if you get permission errors when connecting a device to calibre, you can fix that by looking under System Preferences > Security and Privacy > Privacy > Files and Folders.

  • Make sure you are running the latest version of calibre (currently 7.15.0). The latest version can always be downloaded from the calibre website. You can tell what version of calibre you are currently running by looking at the bottom line of the main calibre window.

  • Ensure your operating system is seeing the device. That is, the device should show up in Windows Explorer (in Windows) or Finder (in macOS).

  • In calibre, go to Preferences → Ignored Devices and check that your device is not being ignored

  • Se todos os passos acima falharem, entre em Preferências → Avançadas → Diversos e clique Depurar deteção de dispositivo certificando-se de que o seu dispositivo está ligado. Publique a informação resultante como um problema no Acompanhamento de erros Calibre.

Meu dispositivo não é padrão ou é incomum. O que posso fazer para me conectar a ele?

In addition to the Connect to folder function found under the Connect/share button, calibre provides a User defined device plugin that can be used to connect to any USB device that shows up as a disk drive in your operating system. Note: on Windows, the device must have a drive letter for calibre to use it. See the device plugin Preferences -> Plugins -> Device plugins -> User defined and Preferences -> Miscellaneous -> Get information to setup the user defined device for more information. Note that if you are using the user defined plugin for a device normally detected by a builtin calibre plugin, you must disable the builtin plugin first, so that your user defined plugin is used instead.

How do I use calibre with my iPad/iPhone/iPod touch?

An easy way to browse your calibre collection from your Apple device is by using O servidor de conteúdos Calibre, which makes your collection available over the net. First perform the following steps in calibre

  • Set the Preferred Output Format in calibre to EPUB (The output format can be set under Preferences → Interface → Behavior)

  • Set the output profile to iPad (this will work for iPhone/iPods as well), under Preferences → Conversion → Common options → Page setup

  • Convert the books you want to read on your iDevice to EPUB format by selecting them and clicking the Convert button.

  • Turn on the Content server by clicking the Connect/share button and leave calibre running. You can also tell calibre to automatically start the Content server via Preferences → Sharing → Sharing over the net.

The Content server allows you to read books directly in Safari itself. In addition, there are many apps for your iDevice that can connect to the calibre Content server. Examples include: Marvin, Mapleread and iBooks itself.

Usar o servidor de conteúdos

Start the Safari browser and type in the IP address and port of the computer running the calibre server, like this:

Replace with the local IP address of the computer running calibre. See O servidor de conteúdos Calibre for details on running the server and finding out the right IP address to use.

You will see a list of books in Safari, tap on any book and you will be given the option to either download it, or read it in the browser itself. If you choose to download it, Safari will ask you if you want to open it with iBooks.

Many reading apps support browsing the calibre library directly via its OPDS support. In such apps you can go to the online catalog screen and add the IP address of the calibre server to browse and download books from your calibre library within the app.

How do I use calibre with my Android phone/tablet or Kindle Fire?

There are two ways that you can connect your Android device to calibre. Using a USB cable – or wirelessly, over the air. The first step to using an Android device is installing an e-book reading application on it. There are many free and paid e-book reading applications for Android: Some examples (in no particular order): FBReader, Moon+, Mantano, Aldiko, Kindle.

Usar um cabo USB

Simply plug your device into the computer with a USB cable. calibre should automatically detect the device and then you can transfer books to it by clicking the Send to device button. Note that on macOS and Linux only a single program can connect to an Android device at a time, so make sure the device is not opened in the OS File manager, or the Android File Transfer utility, etc.


With newer Android devices, you might have to jump through a few hoops to get the connection working, as Google really does not want you to be independent of its cloud. First, unlock the screen before plugging in the USB cable. When you plugin in the USB cable you will get a popup notification. Make sure it says some thing like «Transferring Media files» or «MTP (Media Transfer mode)». If it does not, tap the notification, and change the mode to Media Transfer (MTP). You may need to restart calibre at this point in order for your device to be recognized. Finally, you might get a popup on the device every time calibre or the operating system actually tries to connect to it, asking for permission, tap OK.


With the Kindle Fire 8 or newer there is an icon that shows up when the USB cable is plugged in, showing that the device is charging. Tap that and switch the device to data transfer mode, and then start calibre, it should then be detected.

Sem fios

calibre has a builtin web server, the calibre Content server. It makes your calibre collection available over the net. You can browse it on your device using a simple browser or a dedicated application. First perform the following steps in calibre:

  • Set the Preferred Output Format in calibre to EPUB for normal Android devices or MOBI for Kindles (The output format can be set under Preferences → Interface → Behavior)

  • Convert the books you want to read on your device to EPUB/MOBI format by selecting them and clicking the Convert button.

  • Turn on the Content server in calibre’s preferences and leave calibre running.

Now on your Android device, open the browser and browse to

Replace with the local IP address of the computer running calibre. See O servidor de conteúdos Calibre for details on running the server and finding out the right IP address to use.

You can now browse your book collection and download books from calibre to your device to open with whatever e-book reading software you have on your Android device.

Many reading apps support browsing the calibre library directly via its OPDS support. In such apps you can go to the online catalog screen and add the IP address of the calibre server to browse and download books from your calibre library within the app.

Can I access my calibre books using the web browser in my Kindle or other reading device?

calibre has a Content server that exports the books in calibre as a web page. See O servidor de conteúdos Calibre for details.

Some devices, like the Kindle (1/2/DX), do not allow you to access port 8080 (the default port on which the content server runs). In that case, change the port in the calibre Preferences to 80. (On some operating systems, you may not be able to run the server on a port number less than 1024 because of security settings. In this case the simplest solution is to adjust your router to forward requests on port 80 to port 8080).

Also some devices do not have browsers advanced enough to run the app-like interface used by the Content server. For such devices, you can simply add /mobile to the server URL to get a simplified, non-JavaScript interface.

I cannot send emails using calibre?

Because of the large amount of spam in email, sending email can be tricky, as different mail servers use different strategies to block email. The most common problem is if you are sending email directly (without a mail relay) in calibre. Many servers (for example, Amazon) block email that does not come from a well known relay. The most robust way to setup email sending in calibre is to do the following:

  • Criar uma conta GMX gratuita em GMX.

  • Go to Preferences → Sharing → Sharing books by email in calibre and click the Use GMX button and fill in the information asked for.

  • Log into your GMX account on the website and enable SMTP sending (Settings->POP3 & IMAP->Send and receive emails via external program)

  • calibre will then be able to use GMX to send the mail.

  • If you are sending to your Kindle, remember to update the email preferences on your Amazon Kindle page to allow email sent from your GMX email address. Also note that Amazon does not allow email delivery of AZW3 and new style (KF8) MOBI files. Finally, Amazon recently started sending confirmation emails that you have to click on back to your GMX account before the book is actually delivered.

Even after doing this, you may have problems. One common source of problems is that some poorly designed antivirus programs block calibre from opening a connection to send email. Try adding an exclusion for calibre in your antivirus program.


Microsoft/GMX can disable your account if you use it to send large amounts of email. So, when using these services to send mail calibre automatically restricts itself to sending one book every five minutes. If you don’t mind risking your account being blocked you can reduce this wait interval by going to Preferences → Advanced → Tweaks in calibre.


Google recently deliberately broke their email sending protocol (SMTP) support in an attempt to force everyone to use their web interface so they can show you more ads. They are trying to claim that SMTP is insecure, that is incorrect and simply an excuse. Use some other email provider instead.


If you are concerned about giving calibre access to your email account, simply create a new free email account with GMX or Outlook and use it only for calibre.

My device is getting mounted read-only in Linux, so calibre cannot connect to it?

Linux kernels mount devices read-only when their filesystems have errors. You can repair the filesystem with:

sudo fsck.vfat -y /dev/sdc

Replace /dev/sdc with the path to the device node of your device. You can find the device node of your device, which will always be under /dev by examining the output of:


Why does calibre not support collections on the Kindle or shelves on the Nook?

Neither the Kindle nor the Nook provide any way to manipulate collections over a USB connection. If you really care about using collections, I would urge you to sell your Kindle/Nook and get a Kobo. Only Kobo seems to understand that life is too short to be entering collections one by one on an e-ink screen 😇

Note that in the case of the Kindle, there is a way to manipulate collections via USB, but it requires that the Kindle be rebooted every time it is disconnected from the computer, for the changes to the collections to be recognized. As such, it is unlikely that any calibre developers will ever feel motivated enough to support it. There is however, a calibre plugin that allows you to create collections on your Kindle from the calibre metadata. It is available from here.


Amazon have removed the ability to manipulate collections completely in their newer models, like the Kindle Touch and Kindle Fire, making even the above plugin useless, unless you root your Kindle and install custom firmware.

I am getting an error when I try to use calibre with my Kobo Touch/Glo/etc.?

The Kobo has very buggy firmware. Connecting to it has been known to fail at random. Certain combinations of motherboard, USB ports/cables/hubs can exacerbate this tendency to fail. If you are getting an error when connecting to your touch with calibre try the following, each of which has solved the problem for some calibre users.

  • Connect the Kobo directly to your computer, not via USB Hub

  • Try a different USB cable and a different USB port on your computer

  • Log out of the Kobo and log in again, this causes it to rebuild the database, fixing corrupted database errors.

  • Try upgrading the firmware on your Kobo Touch to the latest

  • Try resetting the Kobo (sometimes this cures the problem for a little while, but then it re-appears, in which case you have to reset again and again)

  • Try only putting one or two books onto the Kobo at a time and do not keep large collections on the Kobo

Covers for books I send to my e-ink Kindle show up momentarily and then are replaced by a generic cover?

This happens because of an Amazon bug. They try to download a cover for the book from their servers and when that fails, they replace the existing cover that calibre created with a generic cover. For details see this forum thread. As of version 4.17, calibre has a workaround, where if you connect the Kindle to calibre after the covers have been destroyed by Amazon, calibre will restore them automatically. So in order to see the covers on your Kindle, you have to:

  1. Enviar livro para o Kindle com o Calibre

  2. Disconnect the Kindle and wait for Amazon to destroy the cover

  3. Religar o Kindle ao Calibre

Note that this workaround only works for books sent with calibre 4.17 or later. Alternately, simply keep your Kindle in airplane mode, you don’t really want Amazon knowing every book you read anyway. I encourage you to contact Amazon customer support and complain loudly about this bug. Maybe Amazon will listen.


If the workaround is not working for you make sure you Kindle firmware is at least version 5.12.5, released in April 2020.

As capas dos meus arquivos MOBI deixaram de aparecer no Kindle para PC/Android/iPad, etc.

This is caused by a bug in the Amazon software. You can work around it by going to Preferences → Conversion → Output Options → MOBI output and setting the Enable sharing of book content option. If you are reconverting a previously converted book, you will also have to enable the option in the conversion dialog for that individual book (as per book conversion settings are saved and take precedence).

Note that doing this will mean that the generated MOBI will show up under personal documents instead of Books on the Kindle Fire and Amazon whispersync will not work, but the covers will. It’s your choice which functionality is more important to you. I encourage you to contact Amazon and ask them to fix this bug.

The bug in Amazon’s software is that when you put a MOBI file on a Kindle, unless the file is marked as a Personal document, Amazon assumes you bought the book from it and tries to download the cover thumbnail for it from its servers. When the download fails, it refuses to fallback to the cover defined in the MOBI file. This is likely deliberate on Amazon’s part to try to force authors to sell only through them. In other words, the Kindle only displays covers for books marked as Personal Documents or books bought directly from Amazon.

If you send a MOBI file to an e-ink Kindle with calibre using a USB connection, calibre works around this Amazon bug by uploading a cover thumbnail itself. However, that workaround is only possible when using a USB connection and sending with calibre. Note that if you send using email, Amazon will automatically mark the MOBI file as a Personal Document and the cover will work, but the book will show up in Personal Documents.

I transferred some books to my Kindle using calibre and they did not show up?

Books sent to the Kindle only show up on the Kindle after they have been indexed by the Kindle. This can take some time. If the book still does not show up after some time, then it is likely that the Kindle indexer crashed. Sometimes a particular book can cause the indexer to crash. Unfortunately, Amazon has not provided any way to deduce which book is causing a crash on the Kindle. Your only recourse is to either reset the Kindle, or delete all files from its memory using Windows Explorer (or whatever file manager you use) and then send the books to it again, one by one, until you discover the problem book. Once you have found the problem book, delete it off the Kindle and do a MOBI to MOBI or MOBI to AZW3 conversion in calibre and then send it back. This will most likely take care of the problem.

Library management

Onde é que os ficheiros dos livros são guardados?

When you first run calibre, it will ask you for a folder in which to store your books. Whenever you add a book to calibre, it will copy the book into that folder. Books in the folder are nicely arranged into sub-folders by Author and Title. Note that the contents of this folder are automatically managed by calibre, do not add any files/folders manually to this folder, as they may be automatically deleted. If you want to add a file associated to a particular book, use the top right area of Edit metadata dialog to do so. Then, calibre will automatically put that file into the correct folder and move it around when the title/author changes.

Metadata about the books is stored in the file metadata.db at the top level of the library folder. This file is a sqlite database. When backing up your library make sure you copy the entire folder and all its sub-folders.

The library folder and all its contents make up what is called a calibre library. You can have multiple such libraries. To manage the libraries, click the calibre icon on the toolbar. You can create new libraries, remove/rename existing ones and switch between libraries easily.

You can copy or move books between different libraries (once you have more than one library setup) by right clicking on a book and selecting the Copy to library action.

How does calibre manage author names and sorting?

Author names are complex, especially across cultures, see this note for some of the complexities. calibre has a very flexible strategy for managing author names. The first thing to understand is that books and authors are separate entities in calibre. A book can have more than one author, and an author can have more than one book. You can manage the authors of a book by the edit metadata dialog. You can manage individual authors by right clicking on the author in the Tag browser on the left of the main calibre window and selecting Manage authors. Using this dialog you can change the name of an author and also how that name is sorted. This will automatically change the name of the author in all the books of that author. When a book has multiple authors, separate their names using the & character.

Now coming to author name sorting:

  • When a new author is added to calibre (this happens whenever a book by a new author is added), calibre automatically computes a sort string for both the book and the author.

  • Authors in the Tag browser are sorted by the sort value for the authors. Remember that this is different from the Author sort field for a book.

  • By default, this sort algorithm assumes that the author name is in First name Last name format and generates a Last name, First name sort value.

  • You can change this algorithm by going to Preferences → Advanced → Tweaks and setting the author_sort_copy_method tweak.

  • You can force calibre to recalculate the author sort values for every author by right clicking on any author and selecting Manage authors, then pushing the Recalculate all author sort values button. Do this after you have set the author_sort_copy_method tweak to what you want.

  • You can force calibre to recalculate the author sort values for all books by using the bulk metadata edit dialog (select all books and click edit metadata, check the Automatically set author sort checkbox, then press OK).

  • When recalculating the author sort values for books, calibre uses the author sort values for each individual author. Therefore, ensure that the individual author sort values are correct before recalculating the books” author sort values.

  • You can control whether the Tag browser display authors using their names or their sort values by setting the categories_use_field_for_author_name tweak in Preferences → Advanced → Tweaks

Note that you can set an individual author’s sort value to whatever you want using Manage authors. This is useful when dealing with names that calibre will not get right, such as complex multi-part names like Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra or when dealing with Asian names like Sun Tzu.

With all this flexibility, it is possible to have calibre manage your author names however you like. For example, one common request is to have calibre display author names LN, FN. To do this, and if the note below does not apply to you, then:

  • Set the author_sort_copy_method tweak to copy as described above.

  • Restart calibre. Do not change any book metadata before doing the remaining steps.

  • Change all author names to LN, FN using the Manage authors dialog.

  • Depois de alterar todos os autores, primia o botão Recalcular todos os valores de alfabetação de autores

  • Press OK, at which point calibre will change the authors in all your books. This can take a while.


When changing from FN LN to LN, FN, it is often the case that the values in author_sort are already in LN, FN format. If this is your case, then do the following:
  • Set the author_sort_copy_method tweak to copy as described above.

  • Restart calibre. Do not change any book metadata before doing the remaining steps.

  • Open the Manage authors dialog. Press the copy all author sort values to author button.

  • Check through the authors to be sure you are happy. You can still press Cancel to abandon the changes. Once you press OK, there is no undo.

  • Press OK, at which point calibre will change the authors in all your books. This can take a while.

Why doesn’t calibre let me store books in my own folder structure?

The whole point of calibre’s library management features is that they provide a search and sort based interface for locating books that is much more efficient than any possible folder scheme you could come up with for your collection. Indeed, once you become comfortable using calibre’s interface to find, sort and browse your collection, you won’t ever feel the need to hunt through the files on your disk to find a book again. By managing books in its own folder structure of Author -> Title -> Book files, calibre is able to achieve a high level of reliability and standardization. To illustrate why a search/tagging based interface is superior to folders, consider the following. Suppose your book collection is nicely sorted into folders with the following scheme:

Genre -> Author -> Series -> ReadStatus

Now this makes it very easy to find for example all science fiction books by Isaac Asimov in the Foundation series. But suppose you want to find all unread science fiction books. There’s no easy way to do this with this folder scheme, you would instead need a folder scheme that looks like:

ReadStatus -> Genre -> Author -> Series

In calibre, you would instead use tags to mark genre and read status and then just use a simple search query like tag:scifi and not tag:read. calibre even has a nice graphical interface, so you don’t need to learn its search language instead you can just click on tags to include or exclude them from the search.

To those of you that claim that you need access to the filesystem, so that you can have access to your books over the network, calibre has an excellent Content server that gives you access to your calibre library over the net.

Se está preocupado com a possibilidade de um dia o Calibre ser descontinuado, deixando todos os seus livros encalhados na sua estrutura de pastas, explore a poderosa funcionalidade do Calibre Exportar para disco que lhe permite exportar todos os seus ficheiros para uma estrutura de pastas com uma complexidade personalizada e baseada nos respetivos metadados.

Finally, the reason there are numbers at the end of every title folder, is for robustness. That number is the id number of the book record in the calibre database. The presence of the number allows you to have multiple records with the same title and author names. It is also part of what allows calibre to magically regenerate the database with all metadata if the database file gets corrupted. Given that calibre’s mission is to get you to stop storing metadata in filenames and stop using the filesystem to find things, the increased robustness afforded by the id numbers is well worth the uglier folder names.

If you are still not convinced, then I’m afraid calibre is not for you. Look elsewhere for your book cataloguing needs. Just so we’re clear, this is not going to change. Kindly do not contact us in an attempt to get us to change this.

Why doesn’t calibre have a column for foo?

calibre is designed to have columns for the most frequently and widely used fields. In addition, you can add any columns you like. Columns can be added via Preferences → Interface → Add your own columns. Watch the tutorial UI Power tips to learn how to create your own columns, or read this blog post.

You can also create «virtual columns» that contain combinations of the metadata from other columns. In the add column dialog use the Quick create links to easily create columns to show the book ISBN or formats. You can use the powerful calibre template language to do much more with columns. For more details, see A linguagem de modelos do Calibre.

Posso ter uma coluna para mostrar os formatos ou o ISBN?

Yes, you can. Follow the instructions in the answer above for adding custom columns.

Como mover os meus dados Calibre de um computador para outro?

Você pode exportar todos os dados do Calibre (livros, configurações e plugins) e depois fazer a sua importação para outro computador. Primeiro, vamos ver como exportar os dados:

  • Right click the calibre icon in the main calibre toolbar and select Export/import all calibre data. Note that if there is currently a device connected, this menu option will not be available – so, disconnect any connected devices. Then click the button labelled Export all your calibre data. You will see a list of all your calibre libraries. Click OK and choose an empty folder somewhere on your computer. The exported data will be saved in this folder. Simply copy this folder to your new computer and follow the instructions below to import the data.

  • Install calibre on your new computer and run through the Welcome wizard, it does not matter what you do there, as you will be importing your old settings in the next step. You will now have an empty calibre, with just the Getting Started guide in your library. Once again, right click the calibre button and choose Export/import all calibre data. Then click the button labelled Import previously exported data. Select the folder with the exported data that you copied over earlier. You will now have a list of libraries you can import. Go through the list one by one, and select the new location for each library (a location is just an empty folder somewhere on your computer). Click OK. After the import completes, calibre will restart, with all your old libraries, settings and calibre plugins.


This import/export functionality is only available from calibre version 2.47 onwards. If you have an older version of calibre, or if you encounter problems with the import/export, you can just copy over your calibre library folder manually, as described in the next paragraph.

Simply copy the calibre library folder from the old to the new computer. You can find out what the library folder is by clicking the calibre icon in the toolbar. Choose the Switch/create calibre library action and you will see the path to the current calibre library.

Now on the new computer, start calibre for the first time. It will run the Welcome wizard asking you for the location of the calibre library. Point it to the previously copied folder. If the computer you are transferring to already has a calibre installation, then the Welcome wizard won’t run. In that case, right-click the calibre icon in the toolbar and point it to the newly copied folder. You will now have two calibre libraries on your computer and you can switch between them by clicking the calibre icon on the toolbar. Transferring your library in this manner preserves all your metadata, tags, custom columns, etc.

A lista de livros no Calibre está vazia!

In order to understand why that happened, you have to understand what a calibre library is. At the most basic level, a calibre library is just a folder. Whenever you add a book to calibre, that book’s files are copied into this folder (arranged into sub folders by author and title). Inside the calibre library folder, at the top level, you will see a file called metadata.db. This file is where calibre stores the metadata like title/author/rating/tags etc. for every book in your calibre library. The list of books that calibre displays is created by reading the contents of this metadata.db file.

There can be two reasons why calibre is showing a empty list of books:

  • A pasta da sua biblioteca Calibre sofreu uma mudança de local. Isto pode acontecer se ela estava num disco externo e a letra da drive desse disco foi alterada, ou se você acidentalmente moveu a pasta. Neste caso, o Calibre não encontra sua biblioteca e então arranca com uma biblioteca vazia no lugar da biblioteca ausente. Para resolver isto, na barra de ferramentas do Calibre, clique com o botão direito no ícone de bibliotecas Calibre e selecione Alternar/criar biblioteca. Clique no pequeno ícone de pasta azul para selecionar o novo local da sua biblioteca Calibre e clique OK. Se não sabe qual o novo local, procure no seu computador pelo ficheiro metadata.db.

  • Your metadata.db file was deleted/corrupted. In this case, you can ask calibre to rebuild the metadata.db from its backups. Right click the calibre icon in the calibre toolbar and select Library maintenance->Restore database. calibre will automatically rebuild metadata.db.

I am getting errors with my calibre library on a networked drive/NAS?

Não coloque a sua biblioteca Calibre numa drive de rede.

A filesystem is a complex beast. Most network filesystems lack various filesystem features that calibre uses. Some don’t support file locking, some don’t support hardlinking, some are just flaky. Additionally, calibre is a single user application, if you accidentally run two copies of calibre on the same networked library, bad things will happen. Finally, different OSes impose different limitations on filesystems, so if you share your networked drive across OSes, once again, bad things will happen.

Consider using the calibre Content server to make your books available on other computers. Run calibre on a single computer and access it via the Content server or a Remote Desktop solution.

If you must share the actual library, use a file syncing tool like DropBox or rsync instead of a networked drive. If you are using a file-syncing tool it is essential that you make sure that both calibre and the file syncing tool do not try to access the calibre library at the same time. In other words, do not run the file syncing tool and calibre at the same time.

Even with these tools there is danger of data corruption/loss, so only do this if you are willing to live with that risk. In particular, be aware that Google Drive is incompatible with calibre, if you put your calibre library in Google Drive, you will suffer data loss. See this thread for details.


Amazon is stopping email delivery of MOBI files?

Amazon have announced that they will stop accepting MOBI files emailed to email addresses. You can instruct calibre to send EPUB instead of MOBI by going to Preferences → Sharing books by email and then removing MOBI from the list of formats to send to your email address and adding EPUB instead.

Note however, that Amazon’s EPUB intake is very flawed, they will reject a number of EPUB files that work everywhere else. In such cases you can try the following trick:

  1. Convert the EPUB file to MOBI

  2. Then convert the MOBI file back to EPUB and send the resulting EPUB file

This will remove all advanced formatting, embedded fonts, etc., but greatly increase the chances of Amazon accepting the EPUB.


If you were previously using email delivery of periodicals downloaded by calibre, you will be better off sending those by USB cable or downloading them from the calibre Content server via the Kindle’s built-in browser. However, if you want to continue using email delivery you can try changing the output format in Preferences->Behavior to EPUB, then calibre will download the news in EPUB format. Whether Amazon will accept the EPUB or not is a whole other question.

I want calibre to download news from my favorite news website.

If you are reasonably proficient with computers, you can teach calibre to download news from any website of your choosing. To learn how to do this see Adicionar o seu sítio de notícias favorito.

Otherwise, you can request a particular news site by posting in the calibre Recipes forum.

Porque escolheu o nome Calibre?

A sua escolha:
  • Converter And LIBRary for E-books

  • Um produto de alto calibre

  • A tribute to the SONY Librie which was the first e-ink based e-book reader

  • Foi a escolha da minha mulher ;-)

calibre is pronounced as cal-i-ber not ca-li-bre. If you’re wondering, calibre is the British/commonwealth spelling for caliber. Being Indian, that’s the natural spelling for me.

Why does calibre show only some of my fonts on macOS?

calibre embeds fonts in e-book files it creates. E-book files support embedding only TrueType and OpenType (.ttf and .otf) fonts. Most fonts on macOS systems are in .dfont format, thus they cannot be embedded. calibre shows only TrueType and OpenType fonts found on your system. You can obtain many such fonts on the web. Simply download the .ttf/.otf files and add them to the Library/Fonts folder in your home folder.

O Calibre não arranca em Windows?

There can be several causes for this:

  • If you get no errors but the calibre window does not appear, it has probably just appeared off screen. You can gather all windows onto the current screen using one of the techniques described here.

  • If you get an error about calibre not being able to open a file because it is in use by another program, do the following:

    • Desinstalar o Calibre

    • Reiniciar o seu computador

    • Re-install calibre. But do not start calibre from the installation wizard.

    • Temporarily disable your antivirus program (disconnect from the Internet before doing so, to be safe)

    • Look inside the folder you chose for your calibre library. If you see a file named metadata.db, delete it.

    • Iniciar o Calibre

    • From now on you should be able to start calibre normally.

  • If you get an error about a Python function terminating unexpectedly after upgrading calibre, first uninstall calibre, then delete the folders (if they exists) C:\Program Files\Calibre and C:\Program Files\Calibre2. Now re-install and you should be fine.

  • If you get an error in the Welcome wizard on an initial run of calibre, try choosing a folder like C:\library as the calibre library (calibre sometimes has trouble with library locations if the path contains non-English characters, or only numbers, etc.)

  • Try running it as administrator (Right click on the icon and select Run as administrator)

If it still won’t launch, start a command prompt (press the Windows key and R; then type cmd.exe in the Run dialog that appears). At the command prompt type the following command and press Enter:

calibre-debug -g

Partilhe qualquer saída obtida numa mensagem de ajuda no Fórum.

calibre freezes/crashes occasionally?

There are several possible things I know of, that can cause this:

  • You recently connected an external monitor or TV to your computer. In this case, whenever calibre opens a new window like the edit metadata window or the conversion dialog, it appears on the second monitor where you don’t notice it and so you think calibre has frozen. Disconnect your second monitor and restart calibre.

  • The following programs have been reported to cause crashes in calibre: If you are running any of these, close them before starting calibre, or uninstall them: RoboForm, Logitech SetPoint Settings, Constant Guard Protection by Xfinity, Spybot, Killer Network Manager, Nahimic UI Interface, Acronis True Image.

  • You are using a Wacom branded USB mouse/tablet. There is an incompatibility between Wacom drivers and the graphics toolkit calibre uses. Try using a non-Wacom mouse.

  • Em algumas versões de 64 bits do Windows existem programas de segurança/configurações que impedem a versão de 64 bits do Calibre de funcionar corretamente. Se está a usar a versão de 64 bits do calibre, tente mudar para a versão de 32 bits.

  • If the crash happens when you are trying to copy text from the calibre E-book viewer, it is most likely caused by some clipboard monitoring/managing application you have running. Turn it off and you should be fine.

  • If the crashes happen specifically when you are using a file dialog, like clicking on the Add books button or the Save to Disk button, then you have some software that has installed broken Shell extensions on your computer. Known culprits include: SpiderOak, odrive sync and Dell Backup and Recovery and NetDrive. If you have one of these, uninstall them and you will be fine. You can also use the NirSoft Shell Extension Viewer to see what shell extensions are installed on your system and disable them individually, if you don’t want to uninstall the full program. Remember to use «Restart Explorer» or reboot your computer after disabling the shell extensions.

If none of the above apply to you, then there is some other program on your computer that is interfering with calibre. First reboot your computer in safe mode, to have as few running programs as possible, and see if the crashes still happen. If they do not, then you know it is some program causing the problem. The most likely such culprit is a program that modifies other programs” behavior, such as an antivirus, a device driver, something like RoboForm (an automatic form filling app) or an assistive technology like Voice Control or a Screen Reader.

The only way to find the culprit is to eliminate the programs one by one and see which one is causing the issue. Basically, stop a program, run calibre, check for crashes. If they still happen, stop another program and repeat.

The calibre E-book viewer and Edit book tools do not work on Windows?

These two programs use hardware acceleration as they embed a version of the Chrome browser to render HTML. If they do not work it will be because of incompatibility with your system’s GPU (graphics) drivers. Try updating these first, and reboot. If that does not fix it, you can set the QTWEBENGINE_CHROMIUM_FLAGS environment variable to the value --disable-gpu to turn off hardware acceleration. See this page for details.

Using the viewer or doing any conversions results in a permission denied error on Windows

Something on your computer is preventing calibre from accessing its own temporary files. Most likely the permissions on your Temp folder are incorrect. Go to the folder file:C:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Local in Windows Explorer and then right click on the file:Temp folder, select Properties and go to the Security tab. Make sure that your user account has full control for this folder.

Some users have reported that running the following command in an Administrator Command Prompt fixed their permissions. To get an Administrator Command Prompt search for cmd.exe in the start menu, then right click on the command prompt entry and select Run as administrator. At the command prompt type the following command and press Enter:

icacls "%appdata%\..\Local\Temp" /reset /T

Alternately, you can run calibre as Administrator, but doing so will cause some functionality, such as drag and drop to not work.

Finally, some users have reported that disabling UAC fixes the problem.

calibre is not starting/crashing on macOS?

One common cause of failures on macOS is the use of accessibility technologies that are incompatible with the graphics toolkit calibre uses. Try turning off VoiceOver if you have it on. Also go to System Preferences->System->Universal Access and turn off the setting for enabling access for assistive devices in all the tabs. Another cause can be some third party apps that modify system behavior, such as Smart Scroll.

You can obtain debug output about why calibre is not starting by running Debug output will be printed to it. If the debug output contains a line that looks like:

Qt: internal: -108: Error ATSUMeasureTextImage text/

then the problem is probably a corrupted font cache. You can clear the cache by following these instructions. If that doesn’t solve it, look for a corrupted font file on your system, in ~/Library/Fonts or the like. An easy way to check for corrupted fonts in macOS is to start the «Font Book» application, select all fonts and then in the File menu, choose «Validate fonts».

I get only a black or white screen when running the calibre E-book viewer?

This will be because of an incompatibility between Qt WebEngine, which the viewer uses to render and the GPU drivers on your system. First try upgrading the GPU drivers. If that does not help, you can try turning off hardware acceleration in Qt WebEngine by setting the environment variable QTWEBENGINE_CHROMIUM_FLAGS to the value --disable-gpu. See Variáveis de ambiente for how to change environment variables.

I downloaded the installer, but it is not working?

Downloading from the Internet can sometimes result in a corrupted download. If the calibre installer you downloaded is not opening, try downloading it again. If re-downloading it does not work, download it from an alternate location. If the installer still doesn’t work, then something on your computer is preventing it from running.

  • Try temporarily disabling your antivirus program (Microsoft Security Essentials, or Kaspersky or Norton or McAfee or whatever). This is most likely the culprit if the upgrade process is hanging in the middle.

  • Similarly, if the installer is failing/rolling back and you have Microsoft PowerToys running, quit it.

  • Try rebooting your computer and running a registry cleaner like Wise registry cleaner.

  • Try a clean install. That is, uninstall calibre, delete C:\Program Files\Calibre2 (or wherever you previously chose to install calibre). Then re-install calibre. Note that uninstalling does not touch your books or settings.

  • Try downloading the installer with an alternate browser. For example if you are using Microsoft Edge, try using Firefox or Chrome instead.

  • If you get an error about a missing DLL on Windows, then most likely, the permissions on your temporary folder are incorrect. Go to the folder C:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Local in Windows Explorer and then right click on the Temp folder and select Properties and go to the Security tab. Make sure that your user account has full control for this folder.

If you still cannot get the installer to work and you are on Windows, you can use the calibre portable install, which does not need an installer (it is just a ZIP file).

My antivirus program claims calibre is a virus/trojan?

The first thing to check is that you are downloading calibre from the official website. Make sure you are clicking the download links on the left, not the advertisements on the right. calibre is a very popular program and unscrupulous people try to setup websites offering it for download to fool the unwary.

If you have the official download and your antivirus program is still claiming calibre is a virus, then, your antivirus program is wrong. Antivirus programs use heuristics, patterns of code that «look suspicious» to detect viruses. It’s rather like racial profiling. calibre is a completely open source product. You can actually browse the source code yourself (or hire someone to do it for you) to verify that it is not a virus. Please report the false identification to whatever company you buy your antivirus software from. If the antivirus program is preventing you from downloading/installing calibre, disable it temporarily, install calibre and then re-enable it.

How do I backup calibre?

The most important thing to backup is the calibre library folder, that contains all your books and metadata. This is the folder you chose for your calibre library when you ran calibre for the first time. You can get the path to the library folder by clicking the calibre icon on the main toolbar. You must backup this complete folder with all its files and sub-folders.

You can switch calibre to using a backed up library folder by simply clicking the calibre icon on the toolbar and choosing your backup library folder. A backed up library folder backs up your custom columns and saved searches as well as all your books and metadata.

If you want to backup the calibre configuration/plugins, you have to backup the config folder. You can find this config folder via Preferences → Miscellaneous. Note that restoring configuration folders is not officially supported, but should work in most cases. Just copy the contents of the backup folder into the current configuration folder to restore.

How do I use purchased EPUB books with calibre (or what do I do with .acsm files)?

Most purchased EPUB books have DRM. This prevents calibre from opening them. You can still use calibre to store and transfer them to your e-book reader. First, you must authorize your reader on a Windows machine with Adobe Digital Editions. Once this is done, EPUB books transferred with calibre will work fine on your reader. When you purchase an epub book from a website, you will get an «.acsm» file. This file should be opened with Adobe Digital Editions, which will then download the actual «.epub» e-book. The e-book file will be stored in the folder «My Digital Editions», from where you can add it to calibre.

I am getting a «Permission Denied» error?

A permission denied error can occur because of many possible reasons, none of them having anything to do with calibre.

  • You can get permission denied errors if you are using an SD card with write protect enabled.

  • On macOS if you get permission errors when connecting a device to calibre, you can fix that by looking under System Preferences > Security and Privacy > Privacy > Files and Folders.

  • If you, or some program you used changed the file permissions of the files in question to read only.

  • If there is a filesystem error on the device which caused your operating system to mount the filesystem in read only mode or mark a particular file as read only pending recovery.

  • If the files have their owner set to a user other than you.

  • If your file is open in another program.

  • If the file resides on a device, you may have reached the limit of a maximum of 256 files in the root of the device. In this case you need to reformat the device/sd card referred to in the error message with a FAT32 filesystem, or delete some files from the SD card/device memory.

You will need to fix the underlying cause of the permissions error before resuming to use calibre. Read the error message carefully, see what file it points to and fix the permissions on that file or its containing folders.

Can I have the comment metadata show up on my reader?

Most readers do not support this. You should complain to the manufacturer about it and hopefully if enough people complain, things will change. In the meantime, you can insert the metadata, including comments into a «Jacket page» at the start of the e-book, by using the option to «Insert metadata as page at start of book» during conversion. The option is found in the Structure detection section of the conversion settings. Note that for this to have effect you have to convert the book. If your book is already in a format that does not need conversion, you can convert from that format to the same format.

Another alternative is to create a catalog in e-book form containing a listing of all the books in your calibre library, with their metadata. Click-and-hold the Convert button to access the catalog creation tool. And before you ask, no you cannot have the catalog «link directly to» books on your reader.

How do I get calibre to use my HTTP proxy?

By default, calibre uses whatever proxy settings are set in your OS. Sometimes these are incorrect, for example, on Windows if you don’t use Microsoft Edge then the proxy settings may not be up to date. You can tell calibre to use a particular proxy server by setting the http_proxy and https_proxy environment variables. The format of the variable is: http://username:password@servername you should ask your network administrator to give you the correct value for this variable. Note that calibre only supports HTTP proxies not SOCKS proxies. You can see the current proxies used by calibre in Preferences->Miscellaneous.

I want some feature added to calibre. What can I do?

Tem duas alternativas:
  1. Create a patch by hacking on calibre and send it to me for review and inclusion. See Development.

  2. Open a bug requesting the feature. Remember that while you may think your feature request is extremely important/essential, calibre developers might not agree. Fortunately, calibre is open source, which means you always have the option of implementing your feature yourself, or hiring someone to do it for you. Furthermore, calibre has a comprehensive plugin architecture, so you might be able to develop your feature as a plugin, see Criar os seus próprios plugins para aumentar as funcionalidades do Calibre.

Why doesn’t calibre have an automatic update?

Por vários motivos:

  • There is no need to update every week. If you are happy with how calibre works turn off the update notification and be on your merry way. Check back to see if you want to update once a year or so. There is a check box to turn off the update notification, on the update notification itself.

  • Atualmente, os downloads de Calibre usam cerca de 150 TB de largura de banda por mês <dynamic/downloads>. A implementação de atualizações automáticas aumentaria isto ainda mais e acabaria custando milhares de euros por mês, que alguém teria de pagar.

  • If I implement a dialog that downloads the update and launches it, instead of going to the website as it does now, that would save the most ardent calibre updater, at most five clicks a week. There are far higher priority things to do in calibre development.

  • If you really, really hate downloading calibre every week but still want to be up to the latest, I encourage you to run from source, which makes updating trivial. Instructions are available here.

  • Existem atualizadores automáticos de terceiros para o Calibre criados por utilizadores Calibre no fórum do Calibre.

Como é o Calibre licenciado?

O Calibre é licenciado sob os termos da GNU General Public License v3 (uma licença de código aberto). Isto quer dizer que você é livre de redistribuir o Calibre desde que torne disponível o código fonte. Assim, se pretender incluir o Calibre num CD com o seu produto, tem também de incluir o código fonte do Calibre nesse CD. O código fonte pode ser descarregado em. Você tem toda a liberdade para usar os resultados das conversões produzidas pelo Calibre de qualquer modo que pretenda. Não pode usar quer o código quer as bibliotecas do Calibre no seu software se este não for distribuído como software de código aberto. Para detalhes, ver The GNU GPL v3.

How do I run calibre from my USB stick?

Está disponível uma versão portátil do Calibre aqui:.

How do I run parts of calibre like news download and the Content server on my own Linux server?

First, you must install calibre onto your Linux server. If your server is using a modern Linux distribution, you should have no problems installing calibre onto it.


calibre needs GLIBC >= 2.31 and libstdc++ >= 6.0.28. If you have an older server, you will either need to compile these from source, or use calibre 3.48 which requires GLIBC >= 2.17 or 2.85.1 which requires GLIBC >= 2.13 or calibre 1.48 which requires only GLIBC >= 2.10. In addition, although the calibre command line utilities do not need a running X server, some of them do require the X server libraries to be installed on your system. This is because of Qt, which is used for various image processing tasks, and links against these libraries. If you get an ImportError about some Qt modules, you are likely missing some X libraries. Typical candidates are: libxcb-cursor0, libxcb-xinerama0, libegl1, libopengl0.

You can run the calibre server via the command:

/opt/calibre/calibre-server /path/to/the/library/you/want/to/share

You can download news and convert it into an e-book with the command:

/opt/calibre/ebook-convert "Title of news source.recipe" outputfile.epub

If you want to generate MOBI, use instead and use --output-profile kindle.

You can email downloaded news with the command:


I leave figuring out the exact command line as an exercise for the reader.

Finally, you can add downloaded news to the calibre library with:

/opt/calibre/calibredb add --with-library /path/to/library outfile.epub

Remember to read the Interface de linha de comandos section of the calibre User Manual to learn more about these, and other commands.