Часто Задаваемые Вопросы

Преобразование форматов электронных книг

Какие фоматы преобразования поддерживаются calibre?

calibre поддерживает преобразование многих форматов из одного в другой. Программа может конвертировать каждый входной формат в приведенном ниже списке для каждого формата вывода.

Input Formats: AZW, AZW3, AZW4, CBZ, CBR, CBC, CHM, DJVU, DOCX, EPUB, FB2, FBZ, HTML, HTMLZ, LIT, LRF, MOBI, ODT, PDF, PRC, PDB, PML, RB, RTF, SNB, TCR, TXT, TXTZ

Выходные форматы: AZW3, EPUB, DOCX, FB2, HTMLZ, OEB, LIT, LRF, MOBI, PDB, PMLZ, RB, PDF, RTF, SNB, TCR, TXT, TXTZ, ZIP

Примечание

PRC is a generic format, calibre supports PRC files with TextRead and MOBIBook headers. PDB is also a generic format. calibre supports eReader, Plucker (input only), PML and zTxt PDB files. DJVU support is only for converting DJVU files that contain embedded text. These are typically generated by OCR software. MOBI books can be of two types Mobi6 and KF8. calibre fully supports both. MOBI files often have .azw or .azw3 file extensions. DOCX files from Microsoft Word 2007 and newer are supported.

Каковы наиболее оптимальные исходные форматы для конвертирования?

In order of decreasing preference: LIT, MOBI, AZW, EPUB, AZW3, FB2, FBZ, DOCX, HTML, PRC, ODT, RTF, PDB, TXT, PDF

Я преобразовал PDF файл, но в результате имеются разные проблемы?

PDF — это ужасный формат для начального конвертирования. Для списка различных вопросов, с которыми придется столкнуться при конвертировании PDF, см.: Преобразование PDF документов.

Как конвертировать мой файл, если он составлен не на английском языке или включает автоматические кавычки?

Существует два аспекта этой проблемы:
  1. Knowing the encoding of the source file: calibre tries to guess what character encoding your source files use, but often, this is impossible, so you need to tell it what encoding to use. This can be done in the GUI via the Input character encoding field in the Look & feel → Text section of the conversion dialog. The command-line tools have an ebook-convert-txt-input --input-encoding option.
  2. When adding HTML files to calibre, you may need to tell calibre what encoding the files are in. To do this go to Preferences → Advanced → Plugins → File Type plugins and customize the HTML2Zip plugin, telling it what encoding your HTML files are in. Now when you add HTML files to calibre they will be correctly processed. HTML files from different sources often have different encodings, so you may have to change this setting repeatedly. A common encoding for many files from the web is cp1252 and I would suggest you try that first. Note that when converting HTML files, leave the input encoding setting mentioned above blank. This is because the HTML2ZIP plugin automatically converts the HTML files to a standard encoding (utf-8).

Что случилось с оглавлением MOBI-файлов?

The first thing to realize is that most e-books have two tables of contents. One is the traditional Table of Contents, like the ToC you find in paper books. This Table of Contents is part of the main document flow and can be styled however you like. This ToC is called the content ToC.

Кроме того есть Оглавление метаданных. Оглавление метаданных - оглавление, которое не является частью текста книги и обычно доступно при помощи специальной кнопки в читалке. Например в calibre viewer вы используется кнопку Показать оглавление, чтобы увидеть это Оглавление. Это Оглавление не может быть стилизовано создателем книги. Его представление - задача программы просмотра.

In the MOBI format, the situation is a little confused. This is because the MOBI format, alone amongst mainstream e-book formats, does not have decent support for a metadata ToC. A MOBI book simulates the presence of a metadata ToC by putting an extra content ToC at the end of the book. When you click Goto Table of Contents on your Kindle, it is to this extra content ToC that the Kindle takes you.

Сейча хорошо видно, что эта книга MOBI содержит два идентичных Оглавления. Помните, что одно из них - семантически Оглавление содержимого, а другое - Оглавление метаданных, даже если обма содержат одинаковые записи и выглядят одинаково. Одно может быть вызвано прямо из меню Kindle, другое -нет.

При конвертировании в MOBI , calibre находит Оглавление метаданных в исходом документе и генерирует Оглавление в-конце-файла в получившемся файле MOBI. Вы можете отключить этот параметр в Выходных настройках MOBI. Также вы можете сообщить calibre добавить его в начало или в конец книги через параметр в Выходных настройках MOBI. Помните, что это Оглавление семантически - Оглавление метаданных, в любом формате кроме MOBI оно не может быть частью текста. Тот факт, что это часть текста в MOBI - случайность, связанная с ограничениями формата. Если вы хотите получить Оглавление в определённом месте текста вашего документа, создайте его вручную. Также мы настоятельно рекомендуем вам оставить всё по умолчанию, то есть помещать Оглавление метаданных в конце книги. Также заметьте, что если вы отключаете создание Оглавления в-конце-файла, получившийся файл MOBI может неправильно функционировать в Kindle, поскольку Kindle использует Оглавление метадонных для многих вещей, включая Page Flip.

Если вам неоходимо вручную редактировать оглавление в исходном документе, вы можете использовать настройки определения Оглавления в calibre для автоматической генерации Оглавления метаданных. Смотрите раздел Преобразование Руководства пользователя для большей информации о том, как использовать эти настройки.

Finally, I encourage you to ditch the content ToC and only have a metadata ToC in your e-books. Metadata ToCs will give the people reading your e-books a much superior navigation experience (except on the Kindle, where they are essentially the same as a content ToC).

Примечание

Новый формат AZW3 имеет соответствующую поддержку Оглавления метаданных. Однако, прошивка Kindle может функционировать неправильно, если вы отключаете генерацию Оглавления в-конце-файла. Так что рекомендуется не менять сгенерированное Оглавление. Если вы создаёте файл AZW3 с Оглавлением метаданных и без Оглавления в-конце-файла, некоторые возможности, такие как Page Flip, в Kindle

Обложки моих MOBI-файлов перестали отображаться в Kindle для PC/Kindle, Android/iPad и т.п.

This is caused by a bug in the Amazon software. You can work around it by going to Preferences → Conversion → Output Options → MOBI output and setting the Enable sharing of book content option. If you are reconverting a previously converted book, you will also have to enable the option in the conversion dialog for that individual book (as per book conversion settings are saved and take precedence).

Заметьте, что в таком случае созданный файл MOBI будет показыаться в списке персональных документоы вместо Книг на Kindle Fire и Amazon whispersync работать не будет, однако будут обложки. Вам решать, что для вас важнее. Я призываю вас связаться с Amazon и попросить их исправить эту ошибку.

The bug in Amazon’s software is that when you put a MOBI file on a Kindle, unless the file is marked as a Personal document, Amazon assumes you bought the book from it and tries to download the cover thumbnail for it from its servers. When the download fails, it refuses to fallback to the cover defined in the MOBI file. This is likely deliberate on Amazon’s part to try to force authors to sell only through them. In other words, the Kindle only displays covers for books marked as Personal Documents or books bought directly from Amazon.

Если вы передаёте файл MOBI в Kindle на электронных чернилах через USB соединение при помощи calibre, то calibre преодолевает проблему, загружая миниатюру обложки самостоятельно. Однако, такое решение возможно только при использовании соединения USB и передачи через calibre. Заметьте, что если вы посылаете файл через электронную почту, Amazon автоматически отмечает файл MOBI как Персональный документ и обложка будет показана, но и книга будет в разделе Персональных документов.

Каким образом можно преобразовывать коллекцию HTML-файлов в определенной последовательности?

Чтобы преобразовать коллекцию HTML файлов в определенном порядке, вам нужно создать файл со списком содержимого. Это еще один файл HTML, содержащий ссылки на все другие файлы в желаемом порядке. Подобный файл выглядит так:

<html>
   <body>
     <h1>Table of Contents</h1>
     <p style="text-indent:0pt">
        <a href="file1.html">First File</a><br/>
        <a href="file2.html">Second File</a><br/>
        .
        .
        .
     </p>
   </body>
</html>

Then, just add this HTML file to the GUI and use the Convert button to create your e-book. You can use the option in the Table of Contents section in the conversion dialog to control how the Table of Contents is generated.

Примечание

By default, when adding HTML files, calibre follows links in the files in depth first order. This means that if file A.html links to B.html and C.html and D.html, but B.html also links to D.html, then the files will be in the order A.html, B.html, D.html, C.html. If instead you want the order to be A.html, B.html, C.html, D.html then you must tell calibre to add your files in breadth first order. Do this by going to Preferences → Advanced → Plugins and customizing the HTML to ZIP plugin.

Если EPUB, созданный в calibre, не работает?

calibre не гарантирует, что созданный им EPUB получится валидным. Единственное, в чём можно быть уверенным - это то, что если вы скормите ему валидные XHTML 1.1 + CSS 2.1, он выдаст валидный EPUB. calibre старается убедиться, что файлы EPUB, которые он производит действительно работают как задумано на широком разнообразии устройств, что несовместимо с созданием валидных EPUB, но преследует цель, которая намного важнее для большинства пользователей. Если вам нужен инструмент, который всегда должен производить валидные EPUB, то calibre не для вас. Это означает, что если вы хотите отправить созданный calibre EPUB в онлайн магазин, использующий проверку валидности EPUB, вам следует убедиться в валидности файла самостоятельно, calibre не сделает это за вас. Другими словами, вы должны скармливать на вход calibre валидные XHTML + CSS документы.

Как я могу использовать некоторые из расширенных возможностей инструментов конвертации?

Вы можете получить помощь по любым возможностям конверторов, подведя на них курсор мыши в графическом интерфейсе или выполнив команду ebook-convert dummy.html .epub -h в командной строке. Лучше всего начать с просмотра следующего демо файла, который демонстрирует некоторые из расширенных возможностей html-demo.zip

Device integration

Какие устройства поддерживает calibre?

calibre can directly connect to all the major (and most of the minor) e-book reading devices, smarthphones, tablets, etc. In addition, using the Connect to folder function you can use it with any e-book reader that exports itself as a USB disk. Finally, you can connect wirelessly to any device that has a web browser using the calibre Content server.

Как я мог помочь получению поддержки моего устройства в calibre?

Если ваше устройство определяется операционной системой как USB диск, то добавить его поддержку в calibre не составит труда. Нам только нужно немного информации от вас:

  • Complete list of e-book formats that your device supports.
  • Is there a special directory on the device in which all e-book files should be placed? Also does the device detect files placed in sub-directories?
  • Также нам потребуется информация о вашем устройстве, которую calibre соберёт автоматически. Сначала, если ваше устройство поддерживает карты SD, вставьте их. Затем подключите устройство к компьютеру. В calibre перейдите в Параметры → Разное и нажмите кнопку «Обнаружение устройства в режиме отладки». Это создаст некий отладочный вывод. Скопируйте его в файл и повторите процесс, на этот раз с отключенным от вашего компьютера устройством.
  • Отправьте оба упомянутых вывода нам с прочей информацией и мы напишем драйвер для вашего устройства.

После того как вы отправите нам информацию для определенной операционной системы, поддержка устройства в этой операционной системе появится в следующем выпуске calibre. Чтобы отправить вывод, откройте отчет об ошибках и присоедините файл к нему. См. ошибки calibre.

Моё устройство не определяется в calibre?

Следуйте этим инструкциям, чтобы найти проблему:

  • Убедитесь, что одновременно к вашему компьютеру вы присоединяете только одно устройство. Не держите подключенными в это время другие поддерживаемые calibre устройства, такие как iPhone/iPad и прочие.
  • If you are connecting an Apple iDevice (iPad, iPod Touch, iPhone), Apple no longer allows third party software to connect to their devices using a USB cable. Instead use a wireless connection, via the calibre Content server.
  • On macOS if you get permission errors when connecting a device to calibre, you can fix that by looking under System Preferences > Security and Privacy > Privacy > Files and Folders.
  • Make sure you are running the latest version of calibre (currently 4.10.1). The latest version can always be downloaded from the calibre website. You can tell what version of calibre you are currently running by looking at the bottom line of the main calibre window.
  • Ensure your operating system is seeing the device. That is, the device should show up in Windows Explorer (in Windows) or Finder (in macOS).
  • In calibre, go to Preferences → Ignored Devices and check that your device is not being ignored
  • If all the above steps fail, go to Preferences → Miscellaneous and click Debug device detection with your device attached and post the output as a ticket on the calibre bug tracker.

Моё устройство нестандартное или необычное. Что я могу сделать, чтобы подключить его?

In addition to the Connect to folder function found under the Connect/share button, calibre provides a User defined device plugin that can be used to connect to any USB device that shows up as a disk drive in your operating system. Note: on Windows, the device must have a drive letter for calibre to use it. See the device plugin Preferences -> Plugins -> Device plugins -> User defined and Preferences -> Miscellaneous -> Get information to setup the user defined device for more information. Note that if you are using the user defined plugin for a device normally detected by a builtin calibre plugin, you must disable the builtin plugin first, so that your user defined plugin is used instead.

Как calibre управляет коллекциями в моей читалке Sony?

When calibre connects with the reader, it retrieves all collections for the books on the reader. The collections of which books are members are shown on the device view.

When you send a book to the reader, calibre will add the book to collections based on the metadata for that book. By default, collections are created from tags and series. You can control what metadata is used by going to Preferences → Advanced → Plugins → Device Interface plugins and customizing the SONY device interface plugin. If you remove all values, calibre will not add the book to any collection.

Collection management is largely controlled by the „Metadata management“ option found at Preferences → Import/export → Sending books to devices. If set to „Manual“ (the default), managing collections is left to the user; calibre will not delete already existing collections for a book on your reader when you resend the book to the reader, but calibre will add the book to collections if necessary. To ensure that the collections for a book are based only on current calibre metadata, first delete the books from the reader, then resend the books. You can edit collections directly on the device view by double-clicking or right-clicking in the collections column.

If „Metadata management“ is set to „Only on send“, then calibre will manage collections more aggressively. Collections will be built using calibre metadata exclusively. Sending a book to the reader will correct the collections for that book so its collections exactly match the book’s metadata, adding and deleting collections as necessary. Editing collections on the device view is not permitted, because collections not in the metadata will be removed automatically.

If „Metadata management“ is set to „Automatic management“, then calibre will update metadata and collections both when the reader is connected and when books are sent. When calibre detects the reader and generates the list of books on the reader, it will send metadata from the library to the reader for all books on the reader that are in the library (On device is True), adding and removing books from collections as indicated by the metadata and device customization. When a book is sent, calibre corrects the metadata for that book, adding and deleting collections. Manual editing of metadata on the device view is not allowed. Note that this option specifies sending metadata, not books. The book files on the reader are not changed.

In summary, choose „manual management“ if you want to manage collections yourself. Collections for a book will never be removed by calibre, but can be removed by you by editing on the device view. Choose „Only on send“ if you want calibre to manage collections when you send a book, adding books to and removing books from collections as needed. Choose „Automatic management“ if you want calibre to keep collections up to date whenever the reader is connected.

If you use multiple installations of calibre to manage your reader, then option „Automatic management“ may not be what you want. Connecting the reader to one library will reset the metadata to what is in that library. Connecting to the other library will reset the metadata to what is in that other library. Metadata in books found in both libraries will be flopped back and forth.

Могу ли я совместно использовать calibre и программное обеспечение Sony для управления моей читалкой?

Yes, you can use both, provided you do not run them at the same time. That is, you should use the following sequence: Connect reader->Use one of the programs->Disconnect reader. Reconnect reader->Use the other program->disconnect reader.

The underlying reason is that the Reader uses a single file to keep track of „meta“ information, such as collections, and this is written to by both calibre and the Sony software when either updates something on the Reader. The file will be saved when the Reader is (safely) disconnected, so using one or the other is safe if there’s a disconnection between them, but if you’re not the type to remember this, then the simple answer is to stick to one or the other for the transfer and just export/import from/to the other via the computers hard disk.

If you do need to reset your metadata due to problems caused by using both at the same time, then just delete the media.xml file on the Reader using your PC’s file explorer and it will be recreated after disconnection.

With recent reader iterations, SONY, in all its wisdom has decided to try to force you to use their software. If you install it, it auto-launches whenever you connect the reader. If you don’t want to uninstall it altogether, there are a couple of tricks you can use. The simplest is to simply re-name the executable file that launches the library program. More detail in the forums.

Как я могу использовать calibre с моим iPad/iPhone/iPod touch?

The easiest way to transfer books wirelessly to your Apple device (iPad/iPhone/iPod) is to use the Calibre Companion iOS app. This app allows calibre to connect to your Apple device wirelessly, just as though you plugged in the device with a USB cable. You can browse files on the device in calibre and use the Send to device button to transfer files to your device wirelessly.

Another easy way to browse your calibre collection from your Apple device is by using the calibre Content server, which makes your collection available over the net. First perform the following steps in calibre

  • Set the Preferred Output Format in calibre to EPUB (The output format can be set under Preferences → Interface → Behavior)
  • Set the output profile to iPad (this will work for iPhone/iPods as well), under Preferences → Conversion → Common options → Page setup
  • Convert the books you want to read on your iDevice to EPUB format by selecting them and clicking the Convert button.
  • Turn on the Content server by clicking the Connect/share button and leave calibre running. You can also tell calibre to automatically start the Content server via Preferences → Sharing → Sharing over the net.

The Content server allows you to read books directly in Safari itself. In addition, there are many apps for your iDevice that can connect to the calibre Content server. Examples include: Marvin, Mapleread and iBooks itself.

Using the Content server

Start the Safari browser and type in the IP address and port of the computer running the calibre server, like this:

http://192.168.1.2:8080/

Replace 192.168.1.2 with the local IP address of the computer running calibre. See Контент-сервер calibre for details on running the server and finding out the right IP address to use.

You will see a list of books in Safari, tap on any book and you will be given the option to either download it, or read it in the browser itself. If you choose to download it, Safari will ask you if you want to open it with iBooks.

How do I use calibre with my Android phone/tablet or Kindle Fire HD?

There are two ways that you can connect your Android device to calibre. Using a USB cable – or wirelessly, over the air. The first step to using an Android device is installing an e-book reading application on it. There are many free and paid e-book reading applications for Android: Some examples (in no particular order): FBReader, Moon+, Mantano, Aldiko, Kindle.

Используя кабель USB

Simply plug your device into the computer with a USB cable. calibre should automatically detect the device and then you can transfer books to it by clicking the Send to device button. calibre does not have support for every single android device out there, so if your device is not automatically detected, follow the instructions at Как я мог помочь получению поддержки моего устройства в calibre? to get your device supported in calibre.

Примечание

With newer Android devices, you might have to jump through a few hoops to get the connection working, as Google really does not want you to be independent of its cloud. First, unlock the screen before plugging in the USB cable. When you plugin in the USB cable you will get a popup notification. Make sure it says some thing like «Transferring Media files» or «MTP (Media Transfer mode)». If it does not, tap the notification, and change the mode to Media Transfer (MTP). Finally, you might get a popup on the device every time calibre or the operating system actually tries to connect to it, asking for permission, tap OK.

По беспроводному соединению

The easiest way to transfer books wirelessly to your Android device is to use the Calibre Companion Android app. This app allows calibre to connect to your Android device wirelessly, just as though you plugged in the device with a USB cable. You can browse files on the device in calibre and use the Send to device button to transfer files to your device wirelessly.

calibre also has a builtin web server, the Content server. You can browse your calibre collection on your Android device by using the calibre Content server, which makes your collection available over the net. First perform the following steps in calibre

  • Set the Preferred Output Format in calibre to EPUB for normal Android devices or MOBI for Kindles (The output format can be set under Preferences → Interface → Behavior)
  • Convert the books you want to read on your device to EPUB/MOBI format by selecting them and clicking the Convert button.
  • Turn on the Content server in calibre’s preferences and leave calibre running.

Теперь на вашем устройстве Android откройте браузер и перейдите на:

Replace 192.168.1.2 with the local IP address of the computer running calibre. See Контент-сервер calibre for details on running the server and finding out the right IP address to use.

You can now browse your book collection and download books from calibre to your device to open with whatever e-book reading software you have on your android device.

Calibre Companion and many reading apps support browsing the calibre library directly. For example, in Aldiko, click My Catalogs, then + to add a catalog, then give the catalog a title such as «calibre» and provide the URL listed above. You can now browse the calibre library and download directly into the reading software.

Can I access my calibre books using the web browser in my Kindle or other reading device?

calibre has a Content server that exports the books in calibre as a web page. See Контент-сервер calibre for details.

Some devices, like the Kindle (1/2/DX), do not allow you to access port 8080 (the default port on which the content server runs). In that case, change the port in the calibre Preferences to 80. (On some operating systems, you may not be able to run the server on a port number less than 1024 because of security settings. In this case the simplest solution is to adjust your router to forward requests on port 80 to port 8080).

Also some devices do not have browsers advanced enough to run the app-like interface used by the content server. For such devices, you can simply add /mobile to the server URL to get a simplified, non-javascript interface.

Я не могу посылать электронную почту при помощи calibre?

Because of the large amount of spam in email, sending email can be tricky, as different mail servers use different strategies to block email. The most common problem is if you are sending email directly (without a mail relay) in calibre. Many servers (for example, Amazon) block email that does not come from a well known relay. The most robust way to setup email sending in calibre is to do the following:

  • Create a free GMX account at GMX.
  • Goto Preferences → Sharing → Sharing books by email in calibre and click the Use GMX button and fill in the information asked for.
  • Log into your GMX account on the website and enable SMTP sending (Settings->POP3 & IMAP->Send and receive emails via external program)
  • calibre will then be able to use GMX to send the mail.
  • If you are sending to your Kindle, remember to update the email preferences on your Amazon Kindle page to allow email sent from your GMX email address. Also note that Amazon does not allow email delivery of AZW3 and new style (KF8) MOBI files.

Even after doing this, you may have problems. One common source of problems is that some poorly designed antivirus programs block calibre from opening a connection to send email. Try adding an exclusion for calibre in your antivirus program.

Примечание

Microsoft/Google/Gmx can disable your account if you use it to send large amounts of email. So, when using these services to send mail calibre automatically restricts itself to sending one book every five minutes. If you don’t mind risking your account being blocked you can reduce this wait interval by going to Preferences → Advanced → Tweaks in calibre.

Примечание

Google recently deliberately broke their email sending protocol (SMTP) support in an attempt to force everyone to use their web interface so they can show you more ads. They are trying to claim that SMTP is insecure, that is incorrect and simply an excuse. If you have trouble with gmail you will need to allow «less secure» apps as described here.

Примечание

If you are concerned about giving calibre access to your email account, simply create a new free email account with GMX or Hotmail and use it only for calibre.

My device is getting mounted read-only in Linux, so calibre cannot connect to it?

Linux kernels mount devices read-only when their filesystems have errors. You can repair the filesystem with:

sudo fsck.vfat -y /dev/sdc

Replace /dev/sdc with the path to the device node of your device. You can find the device node of your device, which will always be under /dev by examining the output of:

mount

Почему calibre не поддерживает коллекции на Kindle или полку на Nook?

Neither the Kindle nor the Nook provide any way to manipulate collections over a USB connection. If you really care about using collections, I would urge you to sell your Kindle/Nook and get a Kobo. Only Kobo seems to understand that life is too short to be entering collections one by one on an e-ink screen :)

Note that in the case of the Kindle, there is a way to manipulate collections via USB, but it requires that the Kindle be rebooted every time it is disconnected from the computer, for the changes to the collections to be recognized. As such, it is unlikely that any calibre developers will ever feel motivated enough to support it. There is however, a calibre plugin that allows you to create collections on your Kindle from the calibre metadata. It is available from here.

Примечание

Amazon have removed the ability to manipulate collections completely in their newer models, like the Kindle Touch and Kindle Fire, making even the above plugin useless, unless you root your Kindle and install custom firmware.

I am getting an error when I try to use calibre with my Kobo Touch/Glo/etc.?

The Kobo has very buggy firmware. Connecting to it has been known to fail at random. Certain combinations of motherboard, USB ports/cables/hubs can exacerbate this tendency to fail. If you are getting an error when connecting to your touch with calibre try the following, each of which has solved the problem for some calibre users.

  • Connect the Kobo directly to your computer, not via USB Hub
  • Try a different USB cable and a different USB port on your computer
  • Try a different computer, in particular the Kobo does not work well with some Windows XP machines. If you are on Windows XP, try a computer with a newer version of Windows.
  • Log out of the Kobo and log in again, this causes it to rebuild the database, fixing corrupted database errors.
  • Try upgrading the firmware on your Kobo Touch to the latest
  • Try resetting the Kobo (sometimes this cures the problem for a little while, but then it re-appears, in which case you have to reset again and again)
  • Try only putting one or two books onto the Kobo at a time and do not keep large collections on the Kobo

Я перекинул несколько книг в мой Kindle при помощи caibre и их не видно?

Books sent to the Kindle only show up on the Kindle after they have been indexed by the Kindle. This can take some time. If the book still does not show up after some time, then it is likely that the Kindle indexer crashed. Sometimes a particular book can cause the indexer to crash. Unfortunately, Amazon has not provided any way to deduce which book is causing a crash on the Kindle. Your only recourse is to either reset the Kindle, or delete all files from its memory using Windows Explorer (or whatever file manager you use) and then send the books to it again, one by one, until you discover the problem book. Once you have found the problem book, delete it off the Kindle and do a MOBI to MOBI or MOBI to AZW3 conversion in calibre and then send it back. This will most likely take care of the problem.

Library Management

Где хранятся файлы книг?

When you first run calibre, it will ask you for a folder in which to store your books. Whenever you add a book to calibre, it will copy the book into that folder. Books in the folder are nicely arranged into sub-folders by Author and Title. Note that the contents of this folder are automatically managed by calibre, do not add any files/folders manually to this folder, as they may be automatically deleted. If you want to add a file associated to a particular book, use the top right area of Edit metadata dialog to do so. Then, calibre will automatically put that file into the correct folder and move it around when the title/author changes.

Metadata about the books is stored in the file metadata.db at the top level of the library folder. This file is a sqlite database. When backing up your library make sure you copy the entire folder and all its sub-folders.

The library folder and all its contents make up what is called a calibre library. You can have multiple such libraries. To manage the libraries, click the calibre icon on the toolbar. You can create new libraries, remove/rename existing ones and switch between libraries easily.

You can copy or move books between different libraries (once you have more than one library setup) by right clicking on a book and selecting the Copy to library action.

Как calibre управляет именами авторов и сортировкой?

Author names are complex, especially across cultures, see this note for some of the complexities. calibre has a very flexible strategy for managing author names. The first thing to understand is that books and authors are separate entities in calibre. A book can have more than one author, and an author can have more than one book. You can manage the authors of a book by the edit metadata dialog. You can manage individual authors by right clicking on the author in the Tag browser on the left of the main calibre screen and selecting Manage authors. Using this dialog you can change the name of an author and also how that name is sorted. This will automatically change the name of the author in all the books of that author. When a book has multiple authors, separate their names using the & character.

Теперь переходим к сортировке имён авторов:

  • When a new author is added to calibre (this happens whenever a book by a new author is added), calibre automatically computes a sort string for both the book and the author.
  • Authors in the Tag browser are sorted by the sort value for the authors. Remember that this is different from the Author sort field for a book.
  • By default, this sort algorithm assumes that the author name is in First name Last name format and generates a Last name, First name sort value.
  • You can change this algorithm by going to Preferences → Advanced → Tweaks and setting the author_sort_copy_method tweak.
  • You can force calibre to recalculate the author sort values for every author by right clicking on any author and selecting Manage authors, then pushing the Recalculate all author sort values button. Do this after you have set the author_sort_copy_method tweak to what you want.
  • You can force calibre to recalculate the author sort values for all books by using the bulk metadata edit dialog (select all books and click edit metadata, check the Automatically set author sort checkbox, then press OK.)
  • When recalculating the author sort values for books, calibre uses the author sort values for each individual author. Therefore, ensure that the individual author sort values are correct before recalculating the books“ author sort values.
  • You can control whether the Tag browser display authors using their names or their sort values by setting the categories_use_field_for_author_name tweak in Preferences → Advanced → Tweaks

Note that you can set an individual author’s sort value to whatever you want using Manage authors. This is useful when dealing with names that calibre will not get right, such as complex multi-part names like Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra or when dealing with Asian names like Sun Tzu.

With all this flexibility, it is possible to have calibre manage your author names however you like. For example, one common request is to have calibre display author names LN, FN. To do this, and if the note below does not apply to you, then:

  • Установите author_sort_copy_method в copy как описано выше.
  • Перезапустите calibre. Не меняйте никаких метаданных книги до выполнения оставшихся шагов.
  • Измените все имена авторов на LN, FN, используя диалог Управление авторами.
  • После того как вы изменили авторов, нажмите кнопку Пересчитать все значения сортировки авторов
  • Нажмите ОК, в этот момент calibre изменит авторов всех ваших книг. Это может занять какое-то время.

Примечание

При изменении с FN LN на LN, FN, часто бывает, что значения в author_sort уже в формате LN, FN. Если это ваш случай, то следайте следующее:
  • Установите author_sort_copy_method в copy как описано выше.
  • Перезапустите calibre. Не меняйте никаких метаданных книги до выполнения оставшихся шагов.
  • Откройте диалог Управление авторами. Нажмите кнопку ``копировать все данные сортировки автору `
  • Пройдитесь по авторам, чтобы быть уверенным, что всё в порядке. Вы всё ещё можете нажать Отмена, чтобы отменить изменения. Если вы нажали OK, то вернуть изменения будет невозможно.
  • Нажмите ОК, в этот момент calibre изменит авторов всех ваших книг. Это может занять какое-то время.

Почему calibre не даёт мне хранить книги в директории с выбранной мной структурой?

The whole point of calibre’s library management features is that they provide a search and sort based interface for locating books that is much more efficient than any possible directory scheme you could come up with for your collection. Indeed, once you become comfortable using calibre’s interface to find, sort and browse your collection, you wont ever feel the need to hunt through the files on your disk to find a book again. By managing books in its own directory structure of Author -> Title -> Book files, calibre is able to achieve a high level of reliability and standardization. To illustrate why a search/tagging based interface is superior to folders, consider the following. Suppose your book collection is nicely sorted into folders with the following scheme:

Genre -> Author -> Series -> ReadStatus

Now this makes it very easy to find for example all science fiction books by Isaac Asimov in the Foundation series. But suppose you want to find all unread science fiction books. There’s no easy way to do this with this folder scheme, you would instead need a folder scheme that looks like:

ReadStatus -> Genre -> Author -> Series

In calibre, you would instead use tags to mark genre and read status and then just use a simple search query like tag:scifi and not tag:read. calibre even has a nice graphical interface, so you don’t need to learn its search language instead you can just click on tags to include or exclude them from the search.

To those of you that claim that you need access to the filesystem, so that you can have access to your books over the network, calibre has an excellent Content server that gives you access to your calibre library over the net.

If you are worried that someday calibre will cease to be developed, leaving all your books marooned in its folder structure, explore the powerful Save to Disk feature in calibre that lets you export all your files into a folder structure of arbitrary complexity based on their metadata.

Finally, the reason there are numbers at the end of every title folder, is for robustness. That number is the id number of the book record in the calibre database. The presence of the number allows you to have multiple records with the same title and author names. It is also part of what allows calibre to magically regenerate the database with all metadata if the database file gets corrupted. Given that calibre’s mission is to get you to stop storing metadata in filenames and stop using the filesystem to find things, the increased robustness afforded by the id numbers is well worth the uglier folder names.

If you are still not convinced, then I’m afraid calibre is not for you. Look elsewhere for your book cataloguing needs. Just so we’re clear, this is not going to change. Kindly do not contact us in an attempt to get us to change this.

Почему calibre не имет какого-либо необходимого мне столбца?

calibre разрабатывается с целью отображения столбцов для большинства часто и широко используемых полей пользователя. В добавок вы можете добавить любые столбцы, которые хотите. Столбцы могут быть добавлены через Параметры → Интерфейс → Добавить мои собственные столбцы. Смотрите руководство Мощные советы по интерфейсу пользователя , чтобы изучить, как создать ваши собственные столбцы или читайте это сообщение в блоке.

Вы также можете создать «виртуальные столбцы», которые содержат комбинации метаданных из других столбцов. В диалоге добавления столбцов используйте ссылки на Быстрое создание для лёгкого создания столбцов для отображения ISBN или формата книги. Вы можете использовать мощный язык шаблонов calibre, чтобы сделать намного больше столбцов. Для подробностей смотрите Язык шаблонов calibre.

Могу ли я добавить столбец с форматами или ISBN?

Да, вы можете. Следуйте инструкциям в ответе выше для добавления особых столбцов.

Как перенести мою копию calibre с одного компьютера на другой?

You can export all calibre data (books, settings and plugins) and then import it on another computer. First let’s see how to export the data:

  • Right click the calibre icon in the main calibre toolbar and select Export/import all calibre data. Note that if there is currently a device connected, this menu option will not be available – so, disconnect any connected devices. Then click the button labelled Export all your calibre data. You will see a list of all your calibre libraries. Click OK and choose an empty folder somewhere on your computer. The exported data will be saved in this folder. Simply copy this folder to your new computer and follow the instructions below to import the data.
  • Install calibre on your new computer and run through the Welcome wizard, it does not matter what you do there, as you will be importing your old settings in the next step. You will now have an empty calibre, with just the Getting Started guide in your library. Once again, right click the calibre button and choose Export/import all calibre data. Then click the button labelled Import previously exported data. Select the folder with the exported data that you copied over earlier. You will now have a list of libraries you can import. Go through the list one by one, and select the new location for each library (a location is just an empty folder somewhere on your computer). Click OK. After the import completes, calibre will restart, with all your old libraries, settings and calibre plugins.

Примечание

This import/export functionality is only available from calibre version 2.47 onwards. If you have an older version of calibre, or if you encounter problems with the import/export, you can just copy over your calibre library folder manually, as described in the next paragraph.

Simply copy the calibre library folder from the old to the new computer. You can find out what the library folder is by clicking the calibre icon in the toolbar. Choose the Switch/create calibre library action and you will see the path to the current calibre library.

Now on the new computer, start calibre for the first time. It will run the Welcome wizard asking you for the location of the calibre library. Point it to the previously copied folder. If the computer you are transferring to already has a calibre installation, then the Welcome wizard wont run. In that case, right-click the calibre icon in the toolbar and point it to the newly copied directory. You will now have two calibre libraries on your computer and you can switch between them by clicking the calibre icon on the toolbar. Transferring your library in this manner preserver all your metadata, tags, custom columns, etc.

Список книг в calibre пуст!

In order to understand why that happened, you have to understand what a calibre library is. At the most basic level, a calibre library is just a folder. Whenever you add a book to calibre, that book’s files are copied into this folder (arranged into sub folders by author and title). Inside the calibre library folder, at the top level, you will see a file called metadata.db. This file is where calibre stores the metadata like title/author/rating/tags etc. for every book in your calibre library. The list of books that calibre displays is created by reading the contents of this metadata.db file.

Существует две причины, по которым Calibre показывает пустой список книг:

  • Your calibre library folder changed its location. This can happen if it was on an external disk and the drive letter for that disk changed. Or if you accidentally moved the folder. In this case, calibre cannot find its library and so starts up with an empty library instead. To remedy this, do a right-click on the calibre icon in the calibre toolbar and select Switch/create library. Click the little blue icon to select the new location of your calibre library and click OK. If you don’t know the new location search your computer for the file metadata.db.
  • Your metadata.db file was deleted/corrupted. In this case, you can ask calibre to rebuild the metadata.db from its backups. Right click the calibre icon in the calibre toolbar and select Library maintenance->Restore database. calibre will automatically rebuild metadata.db.

Я получаю ошибки, когда моя библиотека calibre находится на сетевом диске/NAS?

Не помещайте вашу библиотеку calibre на сетевой диск.

A filesystem is a complex beast. Most network filesystems lack various filesystem features that calibre uses. Some don’t support file locking, some don’t support hardlinking, some are just flaky. Additionally, calibre is a single user application, if you accidentally run two copies of calibre on the same networked library, bad things will happen. Finally, different OSes impose different limitations on filesystems, so if you share your networked drive across OSes, once again, bad things will happen.

Consider using the calibre Content server to make your books available on other computers. Run calibre on a single computer and access it via the Content server or a Remote Desktop solution.

If you must share the actual library, use a file syncing tool like DropBox or rsync instead of a networked drive. If you are using a file-syncing tool it is essential that you make sure that both calibre and the file syncing tool do not try to access the calibre library at the same time. In other words, do not run the file syncing tool and calibre at the same time.

Even with these tools there is danger of data corruption/loss, so only do this if you are willing to live with that risk. In particular, be aware that Google Drive is incompatible with calibre, if you put your calibre library in Google Drive, you will suffer data loss. See this thread for details.

Разное

Содержание

Я хочу, чтобы calibre загружал новостис моих любимых сайтов новостей.

Если вы достаточно опытный с компьютерами, вы можете научить calibre скачивать новости с любого сайта по вашему выбору. Чтобы узнать, как это сделать смотрите news`.

Otherwise, you can request a particular news site by posting in the calibre Recipes forum.

Почему программа называется calibre?

Выбирайте:
  • Convertor And LIBRary for E-books
  • Продукт высокого качества (calibre)
  • A tribute to the SONY Librie which was the first e-ink based e-book reader
  • Моя жена выбрала название ;-)

calibre произносится как кал-и-бер, не ка-ли-бре. Если вы удивлены, калибре - произношение слова caliber в Британии/Содружестве. Как для индийца, это для меня естественное произношение.

Why does calibre show only some of my fonts on macOS?

calibre embeds fonts in e-book files it creates. E-book files support embedding only TrueType and OpenType (.ttf and .otf) fonts. Most fonts on macOS systems are in .dfont format, thus they cannot be embedded. calibre shows only TrueType and OpenType fonts found on your system. You can obtain many such fonts on the web. Simply download the .ttf/.otf files and add them to the Library/Fonts directory in your home directory.

calibre не запускается в Windows?

Этому может быть несколько причин:

  • Если вы в Windows XP, или используете компьютер с процессором, которые не поддерживает SSE2 (таким как процессоры AMD до 2003 года), попробуйте установить calibre версии 1.48 <https://download.calibre-ebook.com/1.48.0/>`_. calibre 2.0 и никогда не используйте Qt 5, которые как известно не совместим с компьютерами на Windows XP и требует SSE2. Просто удалите calibre и установите версию 1.48, это не затронет ваши книги/настройки.

  • Если вы видите ошибку о том, что calibre не может открыть файл, потому что он используется другой программой, сделайте следующее:

    • Удалите программу calibre
    • Перезагрузите ваш компьютер.
    • Переустановите calibre , но не запускайте calibre из мастера установки.
    • Временно отключите ваш антивирус ( для безопасности перед этим отключитесь от интернета)
    • Загляните в директорую, которую вы выбрали для библиотеки calibre . Если вы видите файл с названием metadata.db, удалите его.
    • Запустите calibre
    • С этого моменты calibre должна запускаться нормально.
  • Если вы видите ошибку о том, что функция Python неожиданно завершилась после обновления calibre, сначала удалите calibre, потом удалите директории (если они существуют):file:C:\Program Files\Calibre and C:\Program Files\Calibre2 . Теперь переустановите calibre и всё должно быть хорошо.

  • If you get an error in the Welcome wizard on an initial run of calibre, try choosing a folder like C:\library as the calibre library (calibre sometimes has trouble with library locations if the path contains non-English characters, or only numbers, etc.)

  • Попробуйте запустить его от имени Администратора (Нажмите правой кнопкой мыши на иконке и выберите «Запустить от имени Администратора»)

If it still wont launch, start a command prompt (press the Windows key and R; then type cmd.exe in the Run dialog that appears). At the command prompt type the following command and press Enter:

calibre-debug -g

Post any output you see in a help message on the Forum.

calibre время от времени тормозит/вылетает?

Я знаю несколько вещей, которые могут быть этому причиной:

  • Недавно вы подключили внешний монитор или телевизор к компьютеру. В этом случае, при открытии calibre новых окон, например, окна редактирования метаданных или диалогового окна преобразования, они появляются на втором экране, где вы их не замечаете и думаете, что calibre завис. Отключите второй монитор и перезапустите calibre.
  • The following programs have been reported to cause crashes in calibre: If you are running any of these, close them before starting calibre, or uninstall them: RoboForm, Logitech SetPoint Settings, Constant Guard Protection by Xfinity, Spybot, Killer Network Manager, Nahimic UI Interface, Acronis True Image.
  • Вы используете USB мышь/планшет Wacom. Присутствует несовместимость между драйверами Wacom и графическим инструментарием, используемым calibre. Попробуйте использовать мышь не от Wacom.
  • On some 64 bit versions of Windows there are security software/settings that prevent 64-bit calibre from working properly. If you are using the 64-bit version of calibre try switching to the 32-bit version.
  • If the crash happens when you are trying to copy text from the calibre E-book viewer, it is most likely caused by some clipboard monitoring/managing application you have running. Turn it off and you should be fine.
  • If the crashes happen specifically when you are using a file dialog, like clicking on the Add books button or the Save to Disk button, then you have some software that has installed broken Shell extensions on your computer. Known culprits include: SpiderOak, odrive sync and Dell Backup and Recovery and NetDrive. If you have one of these, uninstall them and you will be fine. You can also use the NirSoft Shell Extension Viewer to see what shell extensions are installed on your system and disable them individually, if you dont want to uninstall the full program. Remember to use «Restart Explorer» or reboot your computer after disabling the shell extensions.

If none of the above apply to you, then there is some other program on your computer that is interfering with calibre. First reboot your computer in safe mode, to have as few running programs as possible, and see if the crashes still happen. If they do not, then you know it is some program causing the problem. The most likely such culprit is a program that modifies other programs“ behavior, such as an antivirus, a device driver, something like RoboForm (an automatic form filling app) or an assistive technology like Voice Control or a Screen Reader.

The only way to find the culprit is to eliminate the programs one by one and see which one is causing the issue. Basically, stop a program, run calibre, check for crashes. If they still happen, stop another program and repeat.

Using the viewer or doing any conversions results in a permission denied error on Windows

Something on your computer is preventing calibre from accessing its own temporary files. Most likely the permissions on your Temp folder are incorrect. Go to the folder file:C:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Local in Windows Explorer and then right click on the file:Temp folder, select Properties and go to the Security tab. Make sure that your user account has full control for this folder.

Some users have reported that running the following command in an Administrator Command Prompt fixed their permissions. To get an Administrator Command Prompt search for cmd.exe in the start menu, then right click on the command prompt entry and select Run as Administrator. At the command prompt type the following command and press Enter:

icacls "%appdata%\..\Local\Temp" /reset /T

Или вы можете запустить calibre от имени Администратора, но при этом некоторые функции, такие как перетаскивание мышью, перестанут работать.

В итоге, некоторые пользователи сообщили, что отключение UAC решает проблему.

calibre is not starting/crashing on macOS?

One common cause of failures on macOS is the use of accessibility technologies that are incompatible with the graphics toolkit calibre uses. Try turning off VoiceOver if you have it on. Also go to System Preferences->System->Universal Access and turn off the setting for enabling access for assistive devices in all the tabs. Another cause can be some third party apps that modify system behavior, such as Smart Scroll.

You can obtain debug output about why calibre is not starting by running Console.app. Debug output will be printed to it. If the debug output contains a line that looks like:

Qt: internal: -108: Error ATSUMeasureTextImage text/qfontengine_mac.mm

then the problem is probably a corrupted font cache. You can clear the cache by following these instructions. If that doesn’t solve it, look for a corrupted font file on your system, in ~/Library/Fonts or the like. An easy way to check for corrupted fonts in macOS is to start the «Font Book» application, select all fonts and then in the File menu, choose «Validate fonts».

Я загрузил установщик, но он не работает?

При скачивании из Интернета загруженные файлы иногда могут оказаться поврежденными. Если скачанный установочный файл calibre не запускается, попробуйте скачать его снова. Если это не помогает, скачайте его из другого расположения. Если установщик по-прежнему не работает, значит что-то на вашем компьютере мешает его запуску.

  • Попробуйте временно отключить вашу антивирусную программу (Microsoft Security Essentials, Антивирус Касперского, Norton, McAfee и проч.). Скорее всего, она и является причиной зависания процесса обновления на полпути.
  • Try rebooting your computer and running a registry cleaner like Wise registry cleaner.
  • Попробуйте чистую установку. Деинсталлируйте calibre, удалите каталог C:\Program Files\Calibre2 (или тот, который вы указывали при установке). Переустановите calibre. Имейте в виду, что деинсталляция не затронет ваши книги или настройки.
  • Попробуйте скачать установочный файл при помощи другого браузера. Например, если вы используете Internet Explorer, попробуйте использовать Firefox или Chrome вместо него.
  • If you get an error about a missing DLL on Windows, then most likely, the permissions on your temporary folder are incorrect. Go to the folder C:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Local in Windows explorer and then right click on the Temp folder and select Properties and go to the Security tab. Make sure that your user account has full control for this folder.

If you still cannot get the installer to work and you are on Windows, you can use the calibre portable install, which does not need an installer (it is just a zip file).

Мой антивирус утверждает, что calibre - вирус/троян?

The first thing to check is that you are downloading calibre from the official website: https://calibre-ebook.com/download. Make sure you are clicking the download links on the left, not the advertisements on the right. calibre is a very popular program and unscrupulous people try to setup websites offering it for download to fool the unwary.

If you have the official download and your antivirus program is still claiming calibre is a virus, then, your antivirus program is wrong. Antivirus programs use heuristics, patterns of code that «look suspicious» to detect viruses. It’s rather like racial profiling. calibre is a completely open source product. You can actually browse the source code yourself (or hire someone to do it for you) to verify that it is not a virus. Please report the false identification to whatever company you buy your antivirus software from. If the antivirus program is preventing you from downloading/installing calibre, disable it temporarily, install calibre and then re-enable it.

Как я могу сделать резервную копию calibre?

The most important thing to backup is the calibre library folder, that contains all your books and metadata. This is the folder you chose for your calibre library when you ran calibre for the first time. You can get the path to the library folder by clicking the calibre icon on the main toolbar. You must backup this complete folder with all its files and sub-folders.

You can switch calibre to using a backed up library folder by simply clicking the calibre icon on the toolbar and choosing your backup library folder. A backed up library folder backs up your custom columns and saved searches as well as all your books and metadata.

If you want to backup the calibre configuration/plugins, you have to backup the config directory. You can find this config directory via Preferences → Miscellaneous. Note that restoring configuration directories is not officially supported, but should work in most cases. Just copy the contents of the backup directory into the current configuration directory to restore.

Как я могу использовать купленные EPUB книги с calibre (или что делать с файлами .acsm)?

Most purchased EPUB books have DRM. This prevents calibre from opening them. You can still use calibre to store and transfer them to your e-book reader. First, you must authorize your reader on a windows machine with Adobe Digital Editions. Once this is done, EPUB books transferred with calibre will work fine on your reader. When you purchase an epub book from a website, you will get an «.acsm» file. This file should be opened with Adobe Digital Editions, which will then download the actual «.epub» e-book. The e-book file will be stored in the folder «My Digital Editions», from where you can add it to calibre.

Я получаю ошибку «Доступ запрещён»?

Ошибки доступа могут появляться по ряду причин, никаким образом не связанных с calibre.

  • Ошибки доступа могут появляться по причине включенной защиты от записи на SD карте.
  • On macOS if you get permission errors when connecting a device to calibre, you can fix that by looking under System Preferences > Security and Privacy > Privacy > Files and Folders.
  • Если вы или какая-либо используемая вами программа изменили разрешения проблемных файлов на «только чтение».
  • If there is a filesystem error on the device which caused your operating system to mount the filesystem in read only mode or mark a particular file as read only pending recovery.
  • Если владельцами файлов выставлен другой пользователь.
  • Если ваш файл открыт в другой программе.
  • If the file resides on a device, you may have reached the limit of a maximum of 256 files in the root of the device. In this case you need to reformat the device/sd card referred to in the error message with a FAT32 filesystem, or delete some files from the SD card/device memory.

You will need to fix the underlying cause of the permissions error before resuming to use calibre. Read the error message carefully, see what file it points to and fix the permissions on that file or its containing folders.

Can I have the comment metadata show up on my reader?

Most readers do not support this. You should complain to the manufacturer about it and hopefully if enough people complain, things will change. In the meantime, you can insert the metadata, including comments into a «Jacket page» at the start of the e-book, by using the option to «Insert metadata as page at start of book» during conversion. The option is found in the Structure detection section of the conversion settings. Note that for this to have effect you have to convert the book. If your book is already in a format that does not need conversion, you can convert from that format to the same format.

Another alternative is to create a catalog in e-book form containing a listing of all the books in your calibre library, with their metadata. Click-and-hold the Convert button to access the catalog creation tool. And before you ask, no you cannot have the catalog «link directly to» books on your reader.

Как я могу указать calibre использовать мой HTTP прокси?

By default, calibre uses whatever proxy settings are set in your OS. Sometimes these are incorrect, for example, on Windows if you don’t use Internet Explorer then the proxy settings may not be up to date. You can tell calibre to use a particular proxy server by setting the http_proxy and https_proxy environment variables. The format of the variable is: http://username:password@servername you should ask your network administrator to give you the correct value for this variable. Note that calibre only supports HTTP proxies not SOCKS proxies. You can see the current proxies used by calibre in Preferences->Miscellaneous.

Я хочу, чтобы в calibre были добавлены некоторые возможности. Что я могу сделать?

У вас два выбора:
  1. Создать патч путём изменения calibre и послать его мне для рассмотрения и включения. Смотрите Разработка.
  2. Открыть запрос на добавление возможности . Поните, что даже если вы можете думать, что ваша возможность очень важна/необходима, разработчики calibre могут не согласиться с этим. К счастью, calibre - программа с открытым исходным кодом, это означает, что вы всегда можете реализовать свою возможность самостоятельно или нанять кого-то, кто сделает это для вас. Более того, у calibre обстоятельная архитектура для создания плагинов плагинов, так что вы можете разработать свою возможность как плагин, смотрите Writing your own plugins to extend calibre’s functionality.

Почему у calibre нет автоматического обновления?

По многим причинам:

  • Нет необходимости в еженедельном обновлении. Если вас устраивает работа calibre, отключите уведомление об обновлении и будьте сами по себе. Возвращайте уведомления раз в год или около того, чтобы посмотреть, не захотите ли обновиться. Чекбокс для отключения уведомлений об обновлении есть в самом уведомлении.
  • Загрузки calibre в данный момент используют около 100TB пропускной способности в месяц. Реализация автоматических обновлений может значительно увеличить эо число и закончиться счетами в тысячи долларов в месяц, которые кто-то должен оплачивать.
  • Если я реализую диалог, которые скачивает и запускает обновление, вместо перехода на веб-сайт как сейчас, это могло бы сохранить наиболее пылким любителям обновлений calibre не более пяти кликов в неделю. В разработке calibre есть намного более приоритетные вещи.
  • Если вы действительно очень ненавидите загружать calibre, но всё ещё хотите использовать последнюю версию, я поддерживаю запуск из исходного кода, что делает обновление тривиальным. Инструкции доступны здесь.
  • There are third party automatic updaters for calibre made by calibre users in the calibre forum.

Как лицензирована calibre?

calibre is licensed under the GNU General Public License v3 (an open source license). This means that you are free to redistribute calibre as long as you make the source code available. So if you want to put calibre on a CD with your product, you must also put the calibre source code on the CD. The source code is available for download. You are free to use the results of conversions from calibre however you want. You cannot use either code or libraries from calibre in your software without making your software open source. For details, see The GNU GPL v3.

Как я могу запустить calibre с USB-флешки?

Портативная версия calibre доступна здесь.

How do I run parts of calibre like news download and the Content server on my own Linux server?

First, you must install calibre onto your Linux server. If your server is using a modern Linux distribution, you should have no problems installing calibre onto it.

Примечание

calibre needs GLIBC >= 2.18 and libstdc++ >= 6.0.21. If you have an older server, you will either need to compile these from source, or use calibre 3.48 which requires GLIBC >= 2.17 or 2.85.1 which requires GLIBC >= 2.13 or calibre 1.48 which requires only GLIBC >= 2.10. In addition, although the calibre command line utilities do not need a running X server, some of them do require the X server libraries to be installed on your system. This is because of Qt, which is used for various image processing tasks, and links against these libraries. If you get an ImportError about some Qt modules, you are likely missing some X libraries.

Вы можете запустить сервер calibre при помощи команды:

/opt/calibre/calibre-server /path/to/the/library/you/want/to/share

You can download news and convert it into an e-book with the command:

/opt/calibre/ebook-convert "Title of news source.recipe" outputfile.epub

Если вы хотите сгенерировать MOBI, используйте вместо этого outputfile.mobi и используйте --output-profile kindle.

Вы можете послать загруженные новости по электронной почте командой:

/opt/calibre/calibre-smtp

Я оставляю создание точной командной строки в качестве упражнения для читателя.

В результате вы можете добавить загруженные новости в библиотеку calibre при помощи:

/opt/calibre/calibredb add --with-library /path/to/library outfile.epub

Remember to read the Командная строка section of the calibre User Manual to learn more about these, and other commands.