Digitale Rechteverwaltung (DRM)

Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a generic term for access control technologies that can be used by hardware manufacturers, publishers, copyright holders and individuals to try to impose limitations on the usage of digital content and devices. It is also, sometimes, disparagingly described as Digital Restrictions Management. The term is used to describe any technology which inhibits uses (legitimate or otherwise) of digital content that were not desired or foreseen by the content provider. The term generally doesn’t refer to other forms of copy protection which can be circumvented without modifying the file or device, such as serial numbers or key-files. It can also refer to restrictions associated with specific instances of digital works or devices. DRM technologies attempt to control use of digital media by preventing access, copying or conversion to other formats by end users. See Wikipedia.

Was impliziert DRM für mich persönlich?

Wenn du ein e-Book mit DRM kaufst, besitzt du es nicht tatsächlich, sondern zu hast eine Erlaubnis gekauft, es in der Weise zu benutzen, wie es vom Verkäufer bestimmt wird. DRM beschränkt, was du mit den e-Books tun kannst, die du „gekauft“ hast. Häufig sind sich Menschen, die Bücher mit DRM kaufen nicht über das Ausmaß der Beschränkungen im Klaren. Diese Einschränkungen hindern dich das e-Book nach deinem Geschmack zu reformatieren, einschließlich dem Anwenden von stylistischen Änderungen wie Anpassen der Schriftgröße. Obwohl es Software gibt, die dir dies für Nicht-DRM-Bücher ermöglicht. Die Menschen sind häufig überrascht, dass ein e-Book, dass sie in einem bestimmten Format gekauft haben, nicht in ein anderes Format konvertiert werden kann, wenn dieses e-Book mit DRM versehen ist. Wenn du also einen Amazon Kindle besitzt und ein Buch über Barnes and Nobles kaufst, solltest du wissen, dass, wenn dieses e-Book mit DRM versehen ist, es dir nicht möglich sein wird, es auf deinem Kindle zu lesen. Beachte, dass ich hier von einem Buch spreche, dass du gekauft hast - nicht gestohlen, nicht raubkopiert, sondern GEKAUFT hast.

Was bewirkt DRM für Autoren?

Publishers of DRMed e-books argue that the DRM is all for the sake of authors and to protect their artistic integrity and prevent piracy. But DRM does NOT prevent piracy. People who want to pirate content or use pirated content still do it and succeed. The three major DRM schemes for e-books today are run by Amazon, Adobe and Barnes and Noble and all three DRM schemes have been cracked. All DRM does is inconvenience legitimate users. It can be argued that it actually harms authors as people who would have bought the book choose to find a pirated version as they are not willing to put up with DRM. Those that would pirate in the absence of DRM do so in its presence as well. To reiterate, the key point is that DRM does not prevent piracy. So DRM is not only pointless and harmful to buyers of e-books but also a waste of money.

DRM und Freiheit

Although digital content can be used to make information as well as creative works easily available to everyone and empower humanity, this is not in the interests of some publishers who want to steer people away from this possibility of freedom simply to maintain their relevance in world developing so fast that they cant keep up.

Weshalb unterstützt Calibre kein DRM?

calibre is open source software while DRM by its very nature is closed. If calibre were to support opening or viewing DRM files it could be trivially modified to be used as a tool for DRM removal which is illegal under today’s laws. Open source software and DRM are a clash of principles. While DRM is all about controlling the user open source software is about empowering the user. The two simply can not coexist.

Wie ist Calibres Ansicht zu Inhalte-Anbietern?

We firmly believe that authors and other content providers should be compensated for their efforts, but DRM is not the way to go about it. We are developing this database of DRM-free e-books from various sources to help you find DRM-free alternatives and to help independent authors and publishers of DRM-free e-books publicize their content. We hope you will find this useful and we request that you do not pirate the content made available to you here.

Wie kann ich helfen DRM zu bekämpfen?

As somebody who reads and buys e-books you can help fight DRM. Do not buy e-books with DRM. There are some publishers who publish DRM-free e-books. Make an effort to see if they carry the e-book you are looking for. If you like books by certain independent authors that sell DRM-free e-books and you can afford it make donations to them. This is money well spent as their e-books tend to be cheaper (there may be exceptions) than the ones you would buy from publishers of DRMed books and would probably work on all devices you own in the future saving you the cost of buying the e-book again. Do not discourage publishers and authors of DRM-free e-books by pirating their content. Content providers deserve compensation for their efforts. Do not punish them for trying to make your reading experience better by making available DRM-free e-books. In the long run this is detrimental to you. If you have bought books from sellers that carry both DRMed as well as DRM-free books, not knowing if they carry DRM or not make it a point to leave a comment or review on the website informing future buyers of its DRM status. Many sellers do not think it important to clearly indicate to their buyers if an e-book carries DRM or not. Here you will find a guide to DRM-free living.